In 2011, a 120,000 Euro/ a year European donation system was set up to cover the cost of buying and transporting drinking water during summer in the occupied West Bank. By the end of 2017, volunteers set up pipelines and connections worth 100,00 euros from Al-Tuwani village to several villages in the south of Hebron/Al-Khalil.
Villages in the area of south Hebron/Al-Khalil have had to store rain water in cisterns or buy tanker-delivered water. The Israeli Civil Administration issued demolition orders for many of the water cisterns, claiming they had been built without permits, even though some of them date back to the British mandate. (Important to note that the Israeli government denies permits on a regular basis to Palestinians.) In late 2018, residents of al-Tuwani allowed neighbouring communities to connect to their water pipe, but in February 13, 2019, Israel confiscated the pipe and cut off the water supply .
On the second of May 2018, two Israeli Civil Administration jeeps accompanied by dozens of occupying soldiers and two bulldozers, arrived at four neighbouring communities in the Masafer Yatta area in the South Hebron Hills: Khirbet Jenbah, Khirbet al-Markez, Khirbet al-Halawah and Khirbet al-Fakhit. The forces destroyed six dwellings, five of them currently occupied and one seasonal. The forces also destroyed a storage unit, six livestock pens and three water tanks. In Khirbet al-Markez, the forces confiscated three solar power units that had been installed by Comet-ME, each of which consisting of three solar panels and a battery. Upon arrival at each of the communities, the forces declared the site a closed military zone. On February 13, 2019, staff from the Israeli Civil Administration, accompanied by soldiers from the border police dug up the pipes connecting water from Al-Tuwani to several other villages nearby. More than 350 cubic meters of water were wasted. The occupying Israeli forces then continued to confiscate the remainder of the 20km long pipeline network .
This comes from the ban by Israeli government on Area C, prohibiting Palestinians from building any sort of infrastructure. In 1999, the Israeli army expelled the residents of the villages in the south of Hebron/Al-Khalil and demolished their structures claiming they are trespassing on a firing range, which Israel had declared so in the 1970s. Although the residential caves in Masafer Yatta village and the ancient cisterns used for collecting rainwater show that the residents were there decades before the founding of the Israeli state in 1948 .
The matter was raised to the Israeli High Court of Justice, which approved partial return of the villagers but did not allow construction or hookups of utility infrastructure. Because of such, villagers had to fill up their water from Al-Tuwani village in tanks and bring them back. But in 2017 the Civil Administration and the Israeli army, blocked and demolished the roads leading to the villages, therefore pipelines where the only solution .
Now they not only lack access to water through pipelines but there are also no roads to reach clean water sources to fill up.