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Mainland Mine Analanjirofo, Madagascar


Since 2010, the Chineese company MAINLAND MINING Ltd, is exploring ilmenite and zircon in the Vatovavy-Fitovinany region, in the south-east of Madagascar. They have got 26,000 carres miniers (1 carre minier = 85 ha) from the Malagasy government. Their area is about 400 km on the coast, from Vatomandry to Farafangana, and it is along the Pangalana channel (river). Actually, the area explored by MAINLAND Mining Ltd is a property of QMM (joint venture between Rio Tinto and Malagasy government).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mainland Mine Analanjirofo, Madagascar
State or province:TOAMASINA
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Amount of INVESTMENT : Research 14.358.000 euros, Exploitation 78.161.000 euros, Projects 809.235.000 euros, Environment 21.050.000 euros Social 9.840.000 euros ENGAGEMENTS (from 2016) Ilmenite 900.000t/year Zircon 35.000t/year Rutile 1000t/year direct jobs for research and construction indirect jobs for operating process Construction of a hydroelectric dam Construction of a port for the export of mining and commercial

Project area:2210000
Level of Investment:1200000000
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Mainland MINING LTD from China
Relevant government actors:Bureau du cadastre minier de Madagascar , National Environment Office or Office National de lEnvironnement
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Collectif TANY, ALLIANCE VOAHARY GASY
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:No environmental monitoring parameters
No environmental project staff or responsible
Absence of any environmental monitoring report
No Act land
No Environmental Impact Assesment
Use and illegal removal of water from the groundwater
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Extractive industries transparency initiative (EITI)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Alliance voahary gasy
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Leak over flow
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Extractive industries transparency initiative (EITI)
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Meta information
Contributor:Vahinala Rahrinirina
Last update18/08/2019
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