Mainland Mine Analanjirofo, Madagascar


Since 2010, the Chineese company MAINLAND MINING Ltd, is exploring ilmenite and zircon in the Vatovavy-Fitovinany region, in the south-east of Madagascar. They have got 26,000 carres miniers (1 carre minier = 85 ha) from the Malagasy government. Their area is about 400 km on the coast, from Vatomandry to Farafangana, and it is along the Pangalana channel (river). Actually, the area explored by MAINLAND Mining Ltd is a property of QMM (joint venture between Rio Tinto and Malagasy government).

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Basic Data
NameMainland Mine Analanjirofo, Madagascar
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAmount of INVESTMENT : Research 14.358.000 euros, Exploitation 78.161.000 euros, Projects 809.235.000 euros, Environment 21.050.000 euros Social 9.840.000 euros ENGAGEMENTS (from 2016) Ilmenite 900.000t/year Zircon 35.000t/year Rutile 1000t/year direct jobs for research and construction indirect jobs for operating process Construction of a hydroelectric dam Construction of a port for the export of mining and commercial
Project Area (in hectares)2210000
Level of Investment (in USD)1200000000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesMainland MINING LTD from China
Relevant government actorsBureau du cadastre minier de Madagascar , National Environment Office or Office National de lEnvironnement
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCollectif TANY, ALLIANCE VOAHARY GASY
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLandless peasants
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.No environmental monitoring parameters

No environmental project staff or responsible

Absence of any environmental monitoring report

No Act land

No Environmental Impact Assesment

Use and illegal removal of water from the groundwater
Sources and Materials

Extractive industries transparency initiative (EITI)


Alliance voahary gasy
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Extractive industries transparency initiative (EITI)
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Leak over flow
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Meta Information
ContributorVahinala Rahrinirina
Last update08/04/2014