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Mainland Mine Manakara, Madagascar


Since 2010, the Chinese company MAINLAND MINING Ltd, is exploring ilmenite and zircon in the Vatovavy-Fitovinany region, in the south-east of Madagascar. They have got 26,000 carres miniers (1 carre minier = 85 ha) from the Malagasy government. Their area is about 400 km on the coast, from Vatomandry to Farafangana, and it is along the river Pangalana. Actually, the area explored by Mainland Mining Ltd is a property of QMM (joint venture Rio Tinto and Malagasy government).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mainland Mine Manakara, Madagascar
State or province:FIANARANTSOA
Location of conflict:Mangatsiotra MANAKARA
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Land acquisition conflicts
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Amount of INVESTMENT : Research 14.358.000 euros, Exploitation 78.161.000 euros, Projects 809.235.000 euros, Environment 21.050.000 euros Social 9.840.000 euros

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Project area:2221000
Level of Investment:1,300,000,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Mainland MINING LTD from China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Collectif TANY, Malagasy environmental group ALLIANCE VOAHARY GASY , Plateforme anti-exploitation d’ilménite dans la région de V7V
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Other Environmental impactsBeaches affected by ilmenite exploitation
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:To stop the project, there is experience of similar ilmenite mining projects in Madagascar beaches.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:No environmental monitoring parameters
No environmental project staff or responsible
Absence of any environmental monitoring report
No Environmental Impact Assesment
Use and illegal removal of water from the groundwater
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Mise en contexte du projet d’exploitation d’ilménite par la societé Mainland mining Ltd, 2 mars 2012 (Cas Manakara)

Par jean-luc hariniaina et serge zafimahova (excellent source)
[click to view]

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Contributor:Vahinala RAHARINIRINA
Last update18/08/2019
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