Malonda Tree Farms in Niassa, Mozambique


Malonda plans to occupy about 60,000 ha with eucalyptus and pine, for timber and carbon credits. In 2008, a study found community dissatisfaction and a potential for explosive conflict in areas where it had started clearing land and planting tree plantations, restricting local populations access to land and threatening their livelihoods. Although the management of Malonda Tree Farm asserts that the project occupies areas abandoned by the population (non-productive areas such as exhausted farmlands), members of the community of Cavago in the District of Sanga allege that Malonda Tree Farm has disrespected the limits of its concessions, invaded community areas and caused conflicts at a community level. Also a lack of community consultation has taken place.

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Basic Data
NameMalonda Tree Farms in Niassa, Mozambique
ProvinceNiassa province
SiteSanga district
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)60000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesGreen Resources AS from Norway - it is a Norwegian company financed by Norfund (Norwegian Investment fund for developing countries).
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Mozambique concedes DUAT, a declaration conceding the right to use and profit from the land, The Malonda Foundation is a state agency, founded in 2005, to facilitate investments in the region and funded by SIDA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersUNAC (National Union of Peasants of Mozambique) and Justia Ambiental (Friends of the Earth Mozambique) carried out a preliminary study on the land grabbing process in Mozambique.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Forms of MobilizationSabotage
Communities have been burning the plantations, forcing the company to hire guards. They also have been coordinating with other indigenous groups to force the compan to return some of the communal land so they may gather firewood, etc..
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.project continues
Sources and Materials

Overbeek, Winifridus, The Expansion of Tree Monocultures in Niassa Province, Mozambique.
[click to view]

Lemos, A. (coord.), 2011. Lords of the Land: preliminary analysis of the phenomenon of land grabbing in Mozambique. Justia Ambiental and UNAC, Maputo

Meta Information
Contributorwinnie overbeek
Last update08/04/2014