Land grabbing indigenous territories for mining through violence, coercion, legal harassment, and privatization has long been an issue throughout Indonesia since Dutch colonial times . This is evident in the case of PT Manggarai Manganese (PTMM) . Although the local government values economic growth and development, this conflicts with indigenous values prioritizing the community and the environment. Recent liberation theology reforms in the Catholic Church, also brought forth a spirit of human rights and environmentalism, which reportedly has led to a partnership against mining in which Catholicism and indigenous religions have united in their support for ecological sustainability . Various religious groups such as the Indonesian Franciscan Congregation Commission on Justice, Peace, and Integrity (JPIC-OFM), Societas Verbi Divini (SVD), the Ruteng Catholic diocese, the Congregation of the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit, and others have mobilized against government impunity towards mining companies’ profit accumulation at the expense of indigenous rights since the 2000s, and protested against PTMM and the destructive effects of open-pit mining ever since early 2007, writing petitions and warning the public and local government, drawing upon Pope Francis’ Laudato Si on the integrity of ecology to frame issues about environmental degradation. .