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Mangrove forest destroyed by Shell in the Niger Delta, Nigeria


Oloma Village is one of the remaining indigenous community in the Bonny Local Government Area of Rivers state. The community has a population of about 6,000 people, who predominantly engage in fishing and subsistence farming. Bonnys geographical location within the Atlantic Ocean made it the Nigerias oil terminal.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mangrove forest destroyed by Shell in the Niger Delta, Nigeria
State or province:Rivers State
Location of conflict:Oloma Community, Bonny Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:10/2002
Company names or state enterprises:Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action,
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Waste overflow
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Proposal and development of alternatives:SPDC should halt the plunder and revegetate the affected sites
SPDC should provide immediate relief materials to the affected communities.
SPDC should stop distorting mangroves forests to lay pipelines.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The mangrove ecosystem of Oloma Community offers valuable natural resources and potentially important food production area. Shell has invaded the community and destroyed mangroves to lay pipelines, without concluding the Environmental Impact Assessment program. This will lead to ascertain environmental, health and socioeconomic impact of their project.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Knee Deep in Crude, Environmental Field Reports. ERA/FoEN.2009.Vol2

Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:582
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