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Manori to Marve Sea Link, Mumbai, India

For the sake of tourism and higher speed, coastal habitats and fisherfolk's livelihood are put at risk


The state government of Maharashtra wants to promote the Manori-Gorai-Uttan belt as a tourism zone. After the idea was first mooted, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) was appointed as a special planning authority (SPA) in 2004, replaced by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation in 2007 and redesignated as SPA in 2008. It will continue to sanction all building plans in the region.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Manori to Marve Sea Link, Mumbai, India
State or province:Maharastra
Location of conflict:City-Mumbai
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Manori – Marve is located at both side of a creek and are not connected by roads. Motorists have to take a long road to reach Manori and Uttan. So, a 500-metre bridge is proposed to link the two existing roads at the ends of the creek. It will be another link like the famous Bandra-Worli Sea Link. The bridge will allegedly provide better access to the areas between Manori and Bhayander [1]. The bridge will cut travel time between these two places. Traffic congestion can be avoided between Gorai and Bhayander on the Western Express Highway up to half hour along with the easy access to Marve [2]. This cable stayed bridge will be constructed with an estimated cost of about Rs 210 crore. The tentative completion time will be about 18 months [1].

Level of Investment:34,923,819 (Rs 210 Crore)
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:10,000-20,000
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (MMRCL) from India - Construction
Relevant government actors:Government of Maharastra, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Dharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:In 2006, local people in that area successfully stopped Pan India Paryatan Ltd SEZ. Now again are preparing for this new protest.
Their main concern is that the local peoples’ opinion has not been taken into consideration before taking the decision of proposed sea Link Bridge. They were only informed through newspapers and other media. However, MMRDA officials said that the project was in conceptual stage and yet to materialized [4, 5].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:There was no prior intimation of the proposed bridge to the people. Before taking the decision, the opinion of local people were not considered. When they have asked concerned official of Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority details of the project, no information about the project has been given to the activists. However, local people wanted to oppose the project from the beginning [2].
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Environmental Problems of Mumbai by Owi Kale
[click to view]

Coastal Road Mumbai
[click to view]

[1] Cable-stayed bridge coming up across Manori Creek
[click to view]

[2] 10 villages oppose proposal for Manori-Marve sea link
[click to view]

[4] 10 villages oppose proposal for Manori-Marve sea link
[click to view]

[5] Dharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti, GORAI – MUMBAI
[click to view]

[3]Marve -Manori Sea Link : Development or Disaster? By Gordon D’souza
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
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