Manori to Marve Sea Link, Mumbai, India

For the sake of tourism and higher speed, coastal habitats and fisherfolk's livelihood are put at risk


The state government of Maharashtra wants to promote the Manori-Gorai-Uttan belt as a tourism zone. After the idea was first mooted, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) was appointed as a special planning authority (SPA) in 2004, replaced by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation in 2007 and redesignated as SPA in 2008. It will continue to sanction all building plans in the region.

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Basic Data
NameManori to Marve Sea Link, Mumbai, India
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific CommoditiesLand
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsManori – Marve is located at both side of a creek and are not connected by roads. Motorists have to take a long road to reach Manori and Uttan. So, a 500-metre bridge is proposed to link the two existing roads at the ends of the creek. It will be another link like the famous Bandra-Worli Sea Link. The bridge will allegedly provide better access to the areas between Manori and Bhayander [1]. The bridge will cut travel time between these two places. Traffic congestion can be avoided between Gorai and Bhayander on the Western Express Highway up to half hour along with the easy access to Marve [2]. This cable stayed bridge will be constructed with an estimated cost of about Rs 210 crore. The tentative completion time will be about 18 months [1].
Level of Investment (in USD)34,923,819 (Rs 210 Crore)
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population10,000-20,000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesMumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (MMRCL) from India - Construction
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Maharastra, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersDharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Religious groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesIn 2006, local people in that area successfully stopped Pan India Paryatan Ltd SEZ. Now again are preparing for this new protest.

Their main concern is that the local peoples’ opinion has not been taken into consideration before taking the decision of proposed sea Link Bridge. They were only informed through newspapers and other media. However, MMRDA officials said that the project was in conceptual stage and yet to materialized [4, 5].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.There was no prior intimation of the proposed bridge to the people. Before taking the decision, the opinion of local people were not considered. When they have asked concerned official of Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority details of the project, no information about the project has been given to the activists. However, local people wanted to oppose the project from the beginning [2].
Sources and Materials

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
[click to view]


Environmental Problems of Mumbai by Owi Kale
[click to view]

Coastal Road Mumbai
[click to view]


[1] Cable-stayed bridge coming up across Manori Creek
[click to view]

[2] 10 villages oppose proposal for Manori-Marve sea link
[click to view]

[4] 10 villages oppose proposal for Manori-Marve sea link
[click to view]

[5] Dharavi Bet Bachao Sangharsh Samiti, GORAI – MUMBAI
[click to view]

[3]Marve -Manori Sea Link : Development or Disaster? By Gordon D’souza
[click to view]

Other Documents

View of the Marvé beach Source:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/02/2015