Maruti Suzuki Gujarat Plant, India


Maruti Suzuki India, the country’s largest car maker in India has recently acquired two sites for its car manufacturing in Gujarat. Gujarat government had allotted the company 700 acres for its manufacturing unit in Mehsana. Another location situated 15 km from Hansalpur, where the second plant is going to start.

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Basic Data
NameMaruti Suzuki Gujarat Plant, India
SiteDalod, Hansalpur
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Other industries
Specific CommoditiesCar Manufacturing (Particularly Small Cars)
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe manufacturing plant is going to set up with an initial investment of Rs 4,000 crore. The plant is going to manufacture 2.5 lakh units and will start its operation by 2015
Project Area (in hectares)242811
Level of Investment (in USD)639,697,706
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesMaruti-Suzuki from India
Suzuki from Japan
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Gujrat
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersZameen Adhikar Andolan Gujarat
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesMany locals are not against Maruti plant. But they have a few demands from the government. Locals demand part of the allotted land for the plant to develop basic amenities like schools, colleges and hospitals. Also, the paths connecting to the village to neighboring villages go through that land should not cut us off from other villages and block their access.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.About 44 villages in Mandal-Becharaji are included in the Special Investment Region (SIR). A mass farmers movement opposed to being included in the SIR. With the increasing agitation government drop 36 out of 44 villages from the SIR. Although the dispute over the land allotted to Maruti is separate from the campaign against the SIR notification, opposition to it has now become part of a bigger land agitation movement that has emerged from the anti-SIR struggle in the region by farmers under the banner Zameen Adhikar Andolan Gujarat.
Sources and Materials

Land Acquisition Act of India 1894
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The Land Acquisition Amendment Bill 2007
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Maruti delays Gujarat plant
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Why Gujarat farmers are opposing Maruti plant
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,000 Gujarat farmers protest against Maruti plant

Maruti Suzuki says Gujarat plant delayed due to slowdown

Maruti Suzuki plans to set up new plant in Gujarat

Maruti Keen to Setup a Facility Plant in Gujarat

Maruti to Start Ground work in Gujarat Facility in Early 2013

मोदी सरकार के फैसले के खिलाफ हजारों एकजुट (in Hindi)

Maruti Suzuki to set up second plant in Gujarat; acquires 600 acres

Gujarat farmers protest against land acquisition for Maruti plant

Media Links

Gujarat Farmers Protest Against Land Acquisition For Maruti
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014