On 15 June 2012, 11 landless peasants and 6 policies were killed in Curuguaty, a city in the north of Paraguay, as a consequence of a violent eviction of peasants who had occupied the lands of Marina Kue . The day before, June 14th, the criminal court judge of Curuguaty had ordered the takeover of Marina Kue as a property claimed by the company Campos Morombí. Yet, the company was not entitled to those lands and, hence, the demand was not legitimate . Legal measures had been taken by peasants since 2004 to formalize their rights to Marina Kue. According to them, those lands were allocated by agrarian reform. Nonviolent occupations – which were followed later by state-led evictions– had taken place repeatedly by peasants to grow their own food and preserve their rights to land. On June 15th, 2012, a large group of armed police entered the peasant campsite, and the conflict escalated from verbal confrontation to a violent dispute, leaving 17 dead victims (6 policemen and 11 peasants) and several injured. Unsurprisingly, the testimonies from the peasants and the police contradict each other when describing the sequence of events. Several violations of human rights have been reported, mainly the loss of life resulting from abusive state authorities. On the same day of the eviction, Miguel Correa, a 20-year old student was wrongly arrested when trying to see what happened to his friend in the hospital of Curuguaty. He was accused of murder and charged with 30 years of prison. Three days after the eviction, 63 peasants were criminally charged by the Public Prosecutor. In October 2012, evidence was presented to the Public Prosecutor about the human rights violations against peasants, but it was not considered . The massacre of Curuguaty led to a human rights and political crisis in the country. It was followed by the destitution of president Fernando Lugo Méndez and the subsequent electoral victory of the opposing party, the Colorado. The irregularities during this process have been pointed out by different organizations, and some have even suggested that the massacre was part of a planned strategy to carry out of a coup d’état in the country . Lugo had previously attempted to limit the use of GM seeds. The following Colorado government favoured the cultivation of GMOs in the country.