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Massive Oil Spill at Ilaje Communities, Nigeria


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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Massive Oil Spill at Ilaje Communities, Nigeria
State or province:Ondo State
Location of conflict:OriOke Iwamimo community, Ilaje Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:26/06/2007
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron Nigeria Limited from Nigeria
Chevron from United States of America
Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Agip Group from Italy
Eni group from Italy
ExxonMobil Corporation (Exxon) from United States of America
Express Oil and Gas Limited from Nigeria
Cavendish Petroleum Nigeria Ltd from Nigeria
Conoil PLC from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. NNPC
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Proposal and development of alternatives:-Government should compel the oil companies in Ilaje land to openly conduct tests to determine which oil company is responsible for the spill.
-The guilty oil company should clean up the spill and provide immediate relief services to the affected communities.
-After the clean up the oil company should do a post impact study of the affected areas with a view to rehabilitating the people and the environment and pay compensation to the people.
-The relevant agencies should compel the oil companies to operate with international best practices
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the impact, the oil companies refuse to conduct environmental impact assessment to ascertain the level of damage, and proceed to clean up the communities and pay due compensation to the locals.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

The Marginalization of the Ilajes of Ondo state, a case of Chevron

The Concern Ilaje Citizens

[click to view]

The Effects of Oil Spillage on Aquatic Environment in Ilaje Community, Nigeria
[click to view]

Environmental Implications of Oil Exploration and Exploitation in the Coastal Region of Ondo State, Nigeria: A Regional Planning Appraisal

Olujimi Julius Ajilowo Bayode, Emmanuel Adebayo Adewunmi and Sogbon Odunwole

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 03/2011; 4(3):110-121.
[click to view]

[1] Oil Producing Community In Ondo State Protest Over Chevron's Reluctance To Fulfill Agreement
[click to view]

Era report
[click to view]

Oil Spill: Ilaje Coastal Communities Demand Compensation from Shell
[click to view]

Ilaje communities demand compensation from Shell over spill
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:573
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