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Mavallipura Landfill Site at Bangalore, Karnataka, India


Mavallipura village is located about 15 Kilometer away from Bangaluru (Bangalore). About 100 acres of land in and around the village are used for dumping Bangalore's municipal waste by the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP– Greater Bangalore Municipal Corporation). In 2007, BBMP signed an agreement with M/s Ramky Environmental Engineers, a Hyderabad based company, to manage the waste collection and disposal. Since then, Ramky Environmental Engineers used to dump more waste than the landfill's capacity. In 2007, villagers alleged that the site is unregulated and did not adhere to the municipal Solid Waste Management Rules. According to them the company just collects and piles the untreated garbage at the site. As a result, the waste and its toxic chemicals are polluting nearby ponds lakes and even the ground water. The water hence polluted may even cause severe pollution to the Bangalore city’s water distribution system [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mavallipura Landfill Site at Bangalore, Karnataka, India
State or province:Karnataka
Location of conflict:Village-Mavallipura, Hesaraghatta Hobli,
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Mavallipura village landfill site is located on the outskirt of Bengaluru (Bangalore). The landfill, opened in 2007 can sustain about 500 tonnes of waste. However, the BBMP has been sending almost 1,000 tonnes of garbage from Begaluru city every day.

Project area:40.46
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:12,000-15,000
Start of the conflict:2005
Company names or state enterprises:M/s Ramky Environmental Engineers (Ramky) from India
Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Karnataka, Karnataka Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environment Support Group, Dalit Sangarsh Samithi, Solid Waste Management Round Table, SAAHAS
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Soil erosion
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsRespiratory problems, asthma
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Displacement, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Militarization and increased police presence
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Proposal and development of alternatives:Dalit Sangarsh Samithi which is leading the movement has the following demands
They demand that the landfill site must be stopped immediately as it is illegal and unscientifically managed. The waste accumulated over the years must be taken out from the place.
Measures must be taken to purify the water of the nearby lake (Mavallipura lake) to protect people and cattle from further contamination.
Regular health check of residents must be conducted immediately and the necessary health care should be taken for the affected villagers.
False cases filed against the activists must be withdrawn immediately.
After an inquiry all the guilty officials and their nexus to get the contract is to be investigated and the guilty found in the process must be punished [1]
They demanded CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation an independent investigation agency of government of India) inquiry into the city's garbage contracting system [3].
Monitoring committee is to be formed to implement and oversee all these demands to be fulfilled [1].
The statement issued in August 2012 before the meeting between the community and the deputy major called for proper implementation of segregation at source, which will considerably reduce the load of waste. It also demanded criminal action against bulk waste generators, who generate 40 per cent of the city’s waste, if they fail to segregate. It called upon the BBMP to immediately make public its policy on Integrated Solid Waste Management and begin comprehensive implementation of measures therein.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:After a long struggle The Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) has ordered the city municipality, Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), and private operator of the landfill, Ramky Infrastructure Pvt Ltd, to stop the facility in July 2012. The pollution control board has also ordered the operator to find alternative sites for dumping waste.
But new pressure has been put on other landfills around Bengalore.
As per August 2014, BBMP has come up with a proposal for an holistic approach on waste disposal [7] but the results of this is still to be seen.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
[click to view]

Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 1999
[click to view]

The Environment (Protection) Act
[click to view]

The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
[click to view]

[1] Ramky Landfill at Mavallipura must be phased out
[click to view]

[2] Mavallipura issue rocks BBMP Council again
[click to view]

[3] Mavallipura village resists attempts of Bengaluru municipal corporation to restart closed landfill
[click to view]

[4] Karnataka pollution board halts dumping of Bengaluru's garbage at Ramky landfill
[click to view]

[5] Mavallipura landfill may reopen soon
[click to view]

[6] BBMP sets its sights on Mavallipura
[click to view]

[7] Holistic Approach to Waste Disposal
[click to view]

Mayor of Bangalore dumps Mavallipura landfill
[click to view]

Landfills that Kill: Mavallipura’s Silent Tragedy
[click to view]

KSPCB Closure Order Mavallipura Landfill 11 July 2012
[click to view]

Bangalore – the problem with garbage landfill at Mavallipura
[click to view]

Dump the Mavallipura landfill
[click to view]

KSPCB orders Mavallipura landfill to shut down, blame game begins
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Water From Mavallipura Tested
[click to view]

No garbage dumping at mavallipura
[click to view]

No Takers for Mavallipura Milk
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra and Daniela Del Bene
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1569
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