The Merowe Dam in Northern Sudan is one of the world’s most destructive hydropower projects. Built on the Nile’s fourth cataract between 2003 and 2009, and inaugurated in March 2009, the dam created a reservoir of a length of 174 kilometers. With a capacity of 1,250 megawatts, the project doubled Sudan’s electricity generation. It displaced more than 50,000 people from the fertile Nile Valley to arid desert locations, because of the consequent reduction of water flowing downstream. Thousands of people who refused to leave their homes were flushed out by the rising waters of the reservoir. Next in line are the Kajbar and Dal dams, who add to energy generation potential but also displaced some thousands more people.