Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, Armenia

The Armenian Nuclear Power Plant (ANPP), also known as the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, is the only nuclear power plant in Armenia. Its aging design and proximity to earthquake-prone areas make it among the most dangerous nuclear plants in the world.


The Armenian Nuclear Power Plant (ANPP), also known as the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, is the only nuclear power plant in Armenia, located 35 kilometers west of Yerevan, the capital of the country.

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Basic Data
NameMetsamor Nuclear Power Plant, Armenia
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear waste storage
Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThere are two reactors in the ANPP, both Russian made PWR (Pressurized Water Reactor) of model VVER V-270.

The first unit (Armenian I) started producing electricity commercially in 1977, and was permanently shut down in 1989.

The second unit started its commercial operation in 1980 and was shut down for a long term between 18 March 1989 and 05 November 1995. It was reconnected to the grid in 1996, and is in operation since then.

The technical properties are as follows:

Reactor Type: PWR (Pressurised Water Reactor)

Model: VVER V-270

Design Net Capacity: 375 MWe

Gross Capacity: 408 MWe

Thermal Capacity: 1375 MWt

Total electricity produced in 2017: 2411.39 GWh [4]
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date1970
Company Names or State EnterprisesHaykakan Atomayin Electrakayan CJSC (HAEK CJSC) from Armenia - Operator
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (ROSATOM) from Russian Federation - Fuel provider
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of RA from Armenia - Owner
Relevant government actorsPublic Services Regulatory Commission of Armenia (PSRC),

Ministry of Energy Infrastructures and Natural Resources of the Republic of Armenia,

Ministry of Ecology
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters“EcoLur” Informational Non-Governmental Organization -
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Neighbouring countries
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Soil contamination, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesEU offered financial support to shut the plant down, but it was not accepted by the Armenian Government since the plant provides a large share of the electricity in the country (around 33%)

Plans to replace Metsamor after 2016—with a new nuclear plant at the same location—are still to materialize.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Even though the power plant is very old and put the region in great risk, it is still in operation. There are almost no local mobilizations against the plant since it provides jobs to nearly all local population in the vicinity of the plant. Hence, it is mostly challenged by the neighbouring countries and international EJOs.
Sources and Materials

[2]The Uncertain Fate of Armenia’s Nuclear Power Plant
[click to view]

[3]Armenia ignores IAEA proposals to close Metsamor NPP
[click to view]

[4] International Atomic Energy Agency, Power Reactor Information System, Armenian II reactor.
[click to view]

[1] Is Armenia's Nuclear Plant the World's Most Dangerous?
[click to view]

Other Documents

Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant Metsamor NPP Cooling Towers
[click to view]

Aerial view of the Metsamor NPP
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorCem Iskender Aydin
Last update20/01/2019