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Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, Armenia

The Armenian Nuclear Power Plant (ANPP), also known as the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, is the only nuclear power plant in Armenia. Its aging design and proximity to earthquake-prone areas make it among the most dangerous nuclear plants in the world.


The Armenian Nuclear Power Plant (ANPP), also known as the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, is the only nuclear power plant in Armenia, located 35 kilometers west of Yerevan, the capital of the country.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, Armenia
State or province:Yerevan
Location of conflict:Metsamor
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Nuclear waste storage
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

There are two reactors in the ANPP, both Russian made PWR (Pressurized Water Reactor) of model VVER V-270.

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Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:1970
Company names or state enterprises:Haykakan Atomayin Electrakayan CJSC (HAEK CJSC) from Armenia - Operator
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (ROSATOM) from Russian Federation - Fuel provider
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of RA from Armenia - Owner
Relevant government actors:Public Services Regulatory Commission of Armenia (PSRC),
Ministry of Energy Infrastructures and Natural Resources of the Republic of Armenia,
Ministry of Ecology
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:“EcoLur” Informational Non-Governmental Organization -
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbouring countries
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Soil contamination, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Development of alternatives:EU offered financial support to shut the plant down, but it was not accepted by the Armenian Government since the plant provides a large share of the electricity in the country (around 33%)
Plans to replace Metsamor after 2016—with a new nuclear plant at the same location—are still to materialize.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Even though the power plant is very old and put the region in great risk, it is still in operation. There are almost no local mobilizations against the plant since it provides jobs to nearly all local population in the vicinity of the plant. Hence, it is mostly challenged by the neighbouring countries and international EJOs.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2]The Uncertain Fate of Armenia’s Nuclear Power Plant
[click to view]

[3]Armenia ignores IAEA proposals to close Metsamor NPP
[click to view]

[4] International Atomic Energy Agency, Power Reactor Information System, Armenian II reactor.
[click to view]

[1] Is Armenia's Nuclear Plant the World's Most Dangerous?
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Cem Iskender Aydin
Last update18/08/2019
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