Mgbede Community and abandoned oil well site, Nigeria


Agip discovered oil in Mgbede Community in 1964. Agip abandoned wellheads were turned into dump sites for hazardous chemicals at Ideagu in the community. This resulted to emission of dangerous substance into the atmosphere, offensive odur Poor health care and sanitary condition, diseases such as Chloera, dysentery, diarrhea and measles. Acid rain, excessive heat and low agricultural production has impoverished the peoples livelihoods and violated their human rights.

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Basic Data
NameMgbede Community and abandoned oil well site, Nigeria
ProvinceRivers State
SiteMgbede Community, Ndoni/ Ebgbema Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)30
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesAgip should clean up the area,evacuate the toxic waste and pay adequate compensation to the community.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.When Community people stage a peaceful protest against Agip on the toxic dump site, Agip responded by increasing the amount of hazardous waste dump in the area.
Meta Information
ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014