Last update:
2014-04-08

Mgbede Community and abandoned oil well site, Nigeria

Description:

Agip discovered oil in Mgbede Community in 1964. Agip abandoned wellheads were turned into dump sites for hazardous chemicals at Ideagu in the community. This resulted to emission of dangerous substance into the atmosphere, offensive odur Poor health care and sanitary condition, diseases such as Chloera, dysentery, diarrhea and measles. Acid rain, excessive heat and low agricultural production has impoverished the peoples livelihoods and violated their human rights.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mgbede Community and abandoned oil well site, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Rivers State
(municipality or city/town)Mgbede Community, Ndoni/ Ebgbema Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Project area:30
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:Agip should clean up the area,evacuate the toxic waste and pay adequate compensation to the community.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:When Community people stage a peaceful protest against Agip on the toxic dump site, Agip responded by increasing the amount of hazardous waste dump in the area.
Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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