Mong Ton (or Tasang) Dam, Myanmar

The Mong Ton Dam, also known as Tasang, is one of the seven proposed dams in the Salween river in Myanmar. If completed, it will the largest dam in the country. So far, up to 300,000 people have been displaced.


Description

Also known as Tasang dam, the Mong Ton project is a proposed dam in the Salween river, one of the largest rivers in Myanmar that flows through most of the eastern part of the country. With a projected capacity of 7000MW [1], the Mong Ton dam is one of the seven dams planned in the Myanmar section of the Salween river, also called Nu River in China and the Thanlwin River by the Myanmar government, and it will be the largest hydroelectric dam in Myanmar if completed. It will be located in southern Shan State, an area prone to ethnic conflicts. 

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Basic Data
NameMong Ton (or Tasang) Dam, Myanmar
CountryMyanmar
ProvinceShan State
SiteMong Ton
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsProjected capacity: 7000MW

Annual production: 35,446 GWh

Dam height: 241 metres

Dam lenght: 606 metres

Reservoir area: 870 km2 (340 sq mi)
Level of Investment (in USD)6,000,000,000 - 14,450,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population200,000-300,000
Start Date01/01/1996
Company Names or State EnterprisesElectricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) from Thailand
Sinohydro Corporation Limited (Sinohydro) from China
MDX Group from Thailand - The first study of the project was conducted in 1981 by the Japanese company Nippon Koei and a contract was signed with the Thai developer MDX Group. In 2009, the contract with MDX Group was canceled because the construction was not going fast enough.
China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG ) from China
China Southern Power Grid from China
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Electric Power (Myanmar), Tatmadaw (Burmese military)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSalween Watch Coalition, International Rivers (https://www.internationalrivers.org/), Burma Campaign UK (http://burmacampaign.org.uk/), Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (http://www.kesan.asia/), Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization

and others
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Karen indigenous group
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Threats to use arms
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
OtherThe reservoir will inundate a vast area that is now covered by primary forest. Logging has already started. The dam might also disrupt the hydrology of the river.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts
OtherBetween 200,000 and 300,000 people have already been displaced to clean the area for the reservoir. If the dam is built, more people might be displaced. Women will also be more impacted due to their vulnerable socio-economic conditions at their household and community level.
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Project temporarily suspended
There is no construction activities at the dam site, but the project has not been officially canceled.
Development of AlternativesLocal groups propose to cancel all the dam projects along the Salween river and look for alternative sources of energy.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project is still on the government's agenda and might push it forward if a peace agreement is reached with the rebel groups.
Sources and Materials
Links

[1] Brief summary of Mong Ton (Mai Tong/Tasang) Dam Project 1 (July 2016). Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance(TERRA).
[click to view]

content/mongton_en_july2016_0.pdf



[2] The Salween Under Threat Damming the Longest Free River in Southeast Asia. Salween Watch, Southeast Asia Rivers Network (SEARIN), and the Center for Social Development Studies, Chulalongkorn University. October 2004.
[click to view]

[4] China Southern Power Grid. International Rivers
[click to view]

[3] China Three Gorges Corp to build dam in Shan State: deputy minister. The Nation. September 17, 2014
[click to view]

[5] Implications on Women’s Lives and Livelihoods: A Case Study of Villages to Be Affected by the Mongton Dam Project in Shan State. Hnin Wut Yee, Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business, November 2016
[click to view]

[6] Statement by Salween community on Mong Ton (Tasang dam) hydropower project and other Salween hydropower projects. March 10, 2015
[click to view]

[8] Dam Projects Risk Reigniting Burma's Civil War, The Irrawaddy online, December 11, 2014
[click to view]

[7] Hydropower in Myanmar: Moving Electricity Contracts from Colonial to Commercial, David Dapice, Harvard ASH Center, December 2015,
[click to view]

Media Links

Shan-Karen villagers oppose Mong Ton dam ประชาสังคมรัฐฉาน-รัฐกะเหรี่ยงค้านเขื่อนสาละวิน
[click to view]

Drowning A Thousand Islands (Burmese version). Documentary by Action for Shan State Rivers (On 28 Sept 2016)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Proposed area for the Mong Ton Dam Source: http://www.terraper.org/web/sites/default/files/key-issues-content/mongton_en_july2016_0.pdf
[click to view]

Villagers protest against Mong Ton dam Source: http://www.shanhumanrights.org/index.php/news-updates/209-mong-ton-villagers-protest-against-salween-dam-at-consultation-meeting
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLaura Villadiego, Carro de Combate, carrodecombateweb@gmail.com
Last update02/05/2018
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