Monoculture plantation in Araucania, Chile


Chile is among the major producers of pulp/cellulose in South-America. An area of 2,400,000 ha of land in the country is covered by monoculture tree plantations. The Comuna de Lumaco, located in the 9th region, called the Araucania, is an area with large-

Basic Data
NameMonoculture plantation in Araucania, Chile
ProvinceIX region de Chile
SiteComuna de Lumaco
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project Details% of the area has been occupied by tree plantations that belong to the two main companies in Chile: Forestal Mininco and Arauco
Project Area (in hectares)111500
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1931
Company Names or State EnterprisesForestal Mininco from Chile
Arauco from Chile
Relevant government actorsNational Forestry Corporation , Agriculture and Livestock Service , General Water Office
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersOLCA - Observatorio Latinoamericano de Conflictos Ambientales (Latin American Observatory of Environmental Conflicts), Mapuexpress -, RECOMA (Latin American Network against Tree Plantations)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials

Decree Law 701 for forestry promotion


WRM: The Economic and Social Context of Monoculture Tree Plantations in Chile: the Case of the Commune of Lumaco, Araucania region
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Mapuexpress - Informativo Mapuche

World Rainforest Movement


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Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014