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Monoculture plantation in Araucania, Chile


Chile is among the major producers of pulp/cellulose in South-America. An area of 2,400,000 ha of land in the country is covered by monoculture tree plantations. The Comuna de Lumaco, located in the 9th region, called the Araucania, is an area with large-

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Monoculture plantation in Araucania, Chile
State or province:IX region de Chile
Location of conflict:Comuna de Lumaco
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

% of the area has been occupied by tree plantations that belong to the two main companies in Chile: Forestal Mininco and Arauco

Project area:111500
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1931
Company names or state enterprises:Forestal Mininco from Chile
Arauco from Chile
Relevant government actors:National Forestry Corporation , Agriculture and Livestock Service , General Water Office
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:OLCA - Observatorio Latinoamericano de Conflictos Ambientales (Latin American Observatory of Environmental Conflicts), Mapuexpress -, RECOMA (Latin American Network against Tree Plantations)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Decree Law 701 for forestry promotion

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

WRM: The Economic and Social Context of Monoculture Tree Plantations in Chile: the Case of the Commune of Lumaco, Araucania region
[click to view]

Mapuexpress - Informativo Mapuche

World Rainforest Movement

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Teresa Perez
Last update08/04/2014
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