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Mopa International airport (North Goa), India

A new international airport at Mopa in North Goa is going to be developed. Locals of Mopa are against the proposed project, claiming that they would lose their homes, plantations and their livelihood.


A new international airport at Mopa in North Goa is going to be developed on a public privet partnership (PPP) basis. The airport will start its operation by 2016. The Central government approved the project in June 2010. A New York based firm Ammann & Whitney was appointed as the technical consultant in April 2011.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mopa International airport (North Goa), India
State or province:Goa
Location of conflict:Mopa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Ports and airport projects
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Acquisition of over 23 lakh sq mts land required for the airport.

Project area:1,011
Level of Investment for the conflictive project608,894,192
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:15000
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Ammann & Whitney
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Civil Aviation Ministry, Indian Navy, Airport Authority of India, Indian National Congress party
International and Finance InstitutionsInternational Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Mopa Vimantal Peedit Xetkari Samiti’ (MVPXS), Mopa Airport-Affected Farmers Committee, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Proposal and development of alternatives:Farmers organised under ‘Mopa Vimantal Peedit Xetkari Samiti’ (MVPXS),from Pernem taluka are neither attracted to the compensation from the government towards their land nor interested in their rehabilitation.
Pro-Mopa groups demand jobs in new Airport Project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Local farmers will not allow government to acquire their land for the proposed Mopa International Airport.
Also, second Airport in the vicinity of already exiting airport (less than 80 KM) is not required.
The second airport will increase north south divide among Goans.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

*(In new land acquisition Bill, government has issued a document explaining the tenets of the Bill that offers a comprehensive explanation of a law that will change how land is acquired and owners are compensated in India.)

Land Acquisition Act of 1894
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Political Economy of Mopa Airport
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Mopa International Airport - Goa | Proposed
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Mopa is for MLAs real estate benefit, not local farmers
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Is Mopa Airport Required ?
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Mopa airport project runs into rough weather
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Goa to have 2 airports – old and new
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Goa to float global tenders for its new airport soon
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Villagers oppose new airport project in Goa
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Mopa airport project: Clearance after many a controversy
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Green field international airport at Mopa being deliberately delayed
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Goa govt oppressing farmers over land for Mopa airport: Samiti
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Will not allow govt to acquire land for Mopa airport: Pernem farmers
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‘Mopa airport will not hit Dabolim operations’
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Tender for Mopa international airport in Goa likely by October: Manohar Parrikar
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Pro-Mopa Group: Shut Dabolim, Declare Mopa As Only Airport
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‘No To Mopa On PPP Model’
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Police accused of stifling anti-Mopa airport protests

Goa Chief Minister slammed for continuing to back Mopa airport
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Mopa airport is necessary for Goa: BJP
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Parrikar attempts to allay fears over international airport at Mopa
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Locals demand job quota at proposed Mopa airport in Goa - See more at:
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Goa- MOPA Airport a ploy to push real estate rates
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Goans For Dabolim Only Rally at Lohia Maidan Margao
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Chief Minister assures Mopa Airport only after Dabolim airports existence is confirmed
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Other comments:Mopa International Airport
Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:948
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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