Global fertilizer giant Agrium, based in Canada, signed a deal in 2006 with the Egyptian government to build a factory for the manufacture of ammonia-based fertilizers in Ras El-Bar, a middle-class coastal area close to the Damietta seaport. Plant construction began in 2008. From the start it faced opposition from local government officials and residents concerned about public health and environmental issues. Under Egypts plans to encourage foreign direct investment, reports indicated that Agrium operations would be tax free and that the company would benefit from a cheap energy deal [1, 4]. The furore led to the matter being referred to parliament and a committee advised that the factory be moved to Suez, although this was never implemented and eventually the government announced the project would be cancelled and Agrium given a 26 per cent stake in the Egyptian fertiliser company MOPCO. But construction began again in November 2011, sparking protests that left one person dead. In operation, communities complain of air and water pollution from the plant.