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Moserbaer thermal power plant at Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh, India


Annupur Thermal Power Project is a 2520 megawatt (MW) coal based thermal power project in the district of Annupur, Madhya Pradesh. The project is located at Laharpur Murra, Guwari, Belia, and Jethari villages, located in Jaithari and Annupur tehsils, Annupur district, Madhya Pradesh [1] This area is mainly populated by scheduled castes and tribes such as Gauds, Bhaina, Jaiswal, Ganesh, Munka etc. The project faced stiff opposition from local residents. People are opposing the land grabbing by the company.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Moserbaer thermal power plant at Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh, India
State or province:Madhya Pradesh
Location of conflict:Villages-Laharpur Murra; Guwari, Belia, and Jethari District- Annupur
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The thermal arm is developing 2520 MW coal based Thermal Power project in Anuppur district, Madhya Pradesh. The project is planned to be executed in two phases as follows: Phase - 1: 1200 MW (2X600 MW) Phase - 2: 1320 MW (2X660 MW) It is currently implementing the first phase of 1200 MW (2X600 MW) through its SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) i.e. MB Power Madhya Pradesh Limited (MBPMPL). Coal for the project will be sourced from South Eastern Coalfields and water will be sourced from River Son.

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Project area:4000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project$ 3 billion
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Hindustan Power Projects Private Limited (HPPPCL) from India
MB Power from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board, Madhya Pradesh Forest Department
International and Finance InstitutionsMacquarie group from Australia
State Bank of India from India
The Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ (MUFG) from Japan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, Kerela Cocunut Farmers Association, South Indian Coordination Committee of Farmers Movements, Bhartiya Kisan Union [2, Tamila Nadu State Farmers Association [Tamila Vivasaigal Sangam, ]]
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Proposal and development of alternatives:1. Stop the harassment of farmers and release all those that have been arrested, as well as remove the criminal charges slapped on them
2. Provide adequate compensation, resettlement and rehabilitation to those who have lost their livelihoods
3. Stop all acquisitions for the Moserbaer thermal power plant until a proper acquisition process is chalked out nationally under LARR act [5].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Farmers pointed out that the letter of agreement had no information on the 2002 rehabilitation and resettlement policy of Madhya Pradesh government and farmers were thus unaware of whether they would even receive any resettlement. They also pointed out that in the letter of agreement was mentioned that Moserbaer would uphold certain commitments as decided by the State Revenue Department. However none of the farmers had been informed about what those commitments were at all. The resettlement plan proposed by the company Moserbaer itself was also not followed by the company. Some farmers have been given labor jobs in the company in the name of alternative employment and that too only until the limited period of the project. The truth is that the proposed project would require only about 400 employees and that too of the postgraduate, diploma holding, engineer levels where the affected farmers families would have no place. No public services for education, health have been provided and no labor contract committees have been formed as promised of the displaced farmers to provide priority employment for unskilled labor. [2]
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

The national rehabilitation and resettlement policy, 2007
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[click to view]

[1] Anuppur Thermal Power Project
[click to view]

[2] India, Moserbaer land grab : report by BKU on farmersrights violations
[click to view]

[3] India, Farmers movements protest against Moserbaer power plant land grabbing
[click to view]

[4] Projects
[click to view]

[5] Moser Baer†™s Anuppur Thermal Power Plant Attracts Investment of Rs. 580 crore from a Macquarie SBI Infrastructure Fund and SBI
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014
Conflict ID:996
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