Last update:
2016-02-22

Movement against industrial Renewable Energy Resources (RES) in Chios, Greece

Windfarms of Iberdrola coming up on the Greek island, disturbing bird population and migration but also increasing pressure on seabed due to transmission cables.


Description:

The plans for the installation of industrial RES on the North Aegean islands were first presented in 2006. At that time there was an intense reaction by the local communities and the planed project was never realized. But in March 2012 the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (YPEKA) set in public consultation the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the creation of wind farms in Chios, along with relevant projects in two more neighboring islands of the North Aegean (Lesvos and Limnos).

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Movement against industrial Renewable Energy Resources (RES) in Chios, Greece
Country:Greece
State or province:North Aegean Region
Location of conflict:Chios Island
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Large-scale wind energy plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Ecosystem Services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

7 wind farms

See more
Project area:737
Level of Investment:295,154.99$ for the wind farms 245,882.00$ for the interconnection cable Chios-Lesvos [9]
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:51,390
Start of the conflict:22/06/2006
Company names or state enterprises:Rokas Aioliki North Aegean AVEE (Rokas ) from Greece
Iberdrola from Spain
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (YPEKA); Region of North Aegean; Municipality of Chios; Central Archaeological Council
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Organization Committee of Eressos; Citizens and Windmills; Citizen Initiative for Sustainable Development of Limnos; Citizens Initiative for Energy Issues in Lesvos; Inter-Island Coordinating Network from Limnos, Lesvos, Chios; Hellenic Ornithological Society; Society for the Environment and Cultural Heritage
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:Given that the consultation process was ostensible, the information provided was inadequate and the EIA had serious deficiencies, the civil society movement asked for a real consultation process where all the alternatives would be examined.
Chios’ Citizens and Windmills asked for the beginning of a debate on the island's energy planning, focusing on energy saving issues, as well as on the development of small scale RES that won’t destroy the landscape and will respond to local society needs.
Furthermore, they don’t disagree with the interconnection of the islands with continental Greece, but they insist that the cable should not be a company’s private property, as it is planned.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The project’s EIA has been approved, but the decision by the Central Archaeological Council is still pending. In addition to this, as the financial situation in Greece is very unstable, press articles mentioned a temporary suspension of the investment because of the delay of interconnection of the islands to the continental Greece grid [10]. But nothing is clear yet.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

European Commission, 2000, European Landscape Convention
[click to view]

European Commission, 1992, Habitats Directive
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[9] Rokas Aioliki North Greece, 2012, Environmental Impact Assessment, Chapter 2: Non-technical summary, Chapter 3: Project’s goal and importance

[3] Ombudsman, 2012, Completeness of the EIA for the Wind Power Generation Plants on Chios – Limnos – Lesvos
[click to view]

Pavlis E. & Terkenli S., 2012, Report on the large scale wind farms in the North Aegean small islands, Geography Dept, University of the Aegean
[click to view]

Mark Duchamp , 2012, Birds and windmills – Birds and bats behavior in wind farms areas
[click to view]

[7] WWF Hellas, 2012, WWF Hellas’ notes on YPEKA’s Report on drafting the support mechanism of RES
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Chios’ Citizens and Windmills, 2012, Paper presented in the workshop organizes by Chios’ Citizens and Windmills in Omirion, 9 May 2012,
[click to view]

[2] Chios’ Citizens and Windmills, 2012-2014
[click to view]

Chios’ Citizens and Windmills, 2012, Online petition against Iberdrola – Rokas windturbines
[click to view]

[4] Tympas Aristotle, 2012, Chios, Lesvos and Limnos Islands do not have “high value” according to Roka’s “assessment”
[click to view]

[5] Hellenic Ornithological Society and Society for the Environment and Cultural Heritage, 2012,Objections Hellenic Ornithological Society and Society for the Environment and Cultural Heritage
[click to view]

[6] Tsouchlis Dimitris, 2012, Notes from the Special Ornithological Studies of Wind Farms in Chios
[click to view]

[8] Makridakis Yannis, 2012, For the debate on the windmills
[click to view]

[10] Tympas Aristotle, 2013, "Beyond 2023": The "sudden transfer" of Iberdrola plans in the future
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video from the information event and debate on Ibedrola-Rokas windmills, organized by Chios’ Citizens and Windmills, 2012 (C)
[click to view]

Video from the information event and debate on Ibedrola-Rokas windmills, organized by Chios’ Citizens and Windmills, 2012 (B)
[click to view]

Vogiatzis Stratis, 2012, Documentary: One place, a thousand rocks, (A)
[click to view]

Vogiatzis Stratis, 2012, Documentary: One place, a thousand rocks, (B)
[click to view]

Vogiatzis Stratis, 2012, Documentary: One place, a thousand rocks, (C)
[click to view]

Video from the information event and debate on Ibedrola-Rokas windmills, organized by Chios’ Citizens and Windmills, 2012 (A)
[click to view]

Video from the Chios’ Citizens and Windmills presentation during the session of the Regional Authority of North Aegean council, 2012
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Ermioni Frezouli, Geography Department - Harokopio University Athens (HUA).
Last update18/08/2019
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.