Last update:
2014-04-08

Multiple gas explosion in Egiland, Nigeria

Description:

The Egi people are part of Ogba kingdom in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area of Rivers State. The clan is made up of about 17 communities and Total Exploration and Production Nigeria Limited [TEPNL] otherwise known as Elf is the main oil company operating in the area.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Multiple gas explosion in Egiland, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:River State
Location of conflict:Egiland in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area.
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific commodities:
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

According to NNPC Bulletin 2010, about 9,5 million cubic meters of gas is produced annually from the area by Total E and P Company.

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Project area:45
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:80,000 to 170,000 people.
Start of the conflict:20/03/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron Corporation (TEPNL) from Nigeria
Total SA from France
Relevant government actors:Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the earth Nigeria., Oilwatch Nigeria, Community groups and Networks, Nigerian Media, Other social movements.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Shooting and dissemination of video footage on the gas explosion.
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:1. Adequate clean up and remediation of the area.
2. Proper investigation to ascertain the cause, short and long term effects of the gas eruption on the health, environment and the socioeconomic impacts on the people.
3. Relocation of displaced communities with proper negotiation to ensure that their rights are not denied.
4. Adequate compensation should be paid to communities impacted
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The affected communities still await justice and reparation of the areas has not be achieved.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outside of Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules,laws policies and guidelines.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Nigeria Population commission; population census, 2006.

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Other comments:Total/Elf, should go beyond cosmetic visit to the affected communities, and attend to peoples demands/proposals brought forward by the mobilizers.
Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
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