The Navarrese Corridor comprises the development of a High Speed Rail network for all the country, principally connecting Madrid (the capital) with the rest of the regions. This stretch in particular is planned to have about 200 km connecting the cities of Zaragoza and Pamplona and the latter with the line known as the Y Basque.
So far, the construction of a stretch of line of about 65 km, but for a one-way (not two) of European gauge, has started in the region of Navarra (Spain). The most striking fact is that it would have no foresight connection to any of its two ends. Planned expenditures would amount to approximately €900 million (5% of Navarra’s GDP) from public sources that will never be amortised. In addition, a recent court sentence has declared null and void the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the TAV in Navarra.
The layout of HSR in Navarra is parallel to the current railway line. However, it has also important impacts on natural areas that are not affected by the current line, including protected ones as the Laguna del Juncal (lagoon), a natural reserve area, among others. These enclaves are important habitats for nesting birds such as the little grebe, mallard, water rail, crake, moorhen and coot. They are also an important winter settlements for the marsh harrier and hen harrier. Thus, the environment of large areas of Navarra is damaged, and especially its Central Zone that is already full of large infrastructures like the current railway line, the A15 motorway, the Canal de Navarra, power lines and large wind farms.
The budget of the HSR in Navarra for its 214 km which would form the full length, has increased from the initially planned €1,842 million to €3,853 million estimated by the Minister of Public Works of Spain in May 2013, and even to EUR 4,470 million as projected in June 2013 by the current Director of Public Works of the regional government of Navarra.
Similarly to other places, a social movement opposing the introduction of new high-speed railways has been organized. The motivations for this opposition ranges from environmental issues to considerations relating to the cost of infrastructure and the need for its construction. The actions taken by the opposition to the HST include the various lawsuits driven by Sustrai Erakuntza Foundation with outcomes such as the court sentence previously mentioned. Forms of mobilization included as well civil disobedience actions such as the throwing of a pie to the president of Navarra in October 2011 in Tolouse (France). In relation to this action three activist were sentenced 2 years of imprisonment and a forth one was sentenced one year, exemplifying the fierce repression suffered by HSR opponents.
The economic recession deeply affected the plans of the HSR projects across the country and to the date it is uncertain whether it will be finished.