On 13th December 2013 the British Columbia Government, in cooperation with Port Metro Vancouver (PMV) issued approval to the Vancouver Airport Fuel Facilities Corporation (VAFFC) for construction of a marine jet fuel terminal and an adjacent 80 million litre capacity fuel tank farm on the banks of the Fraser River. The project would allow Panamax tankers carrying highly toxic and flammable jet fuel to enter the Fraser River. A report by Otto E. Langer, a fisheries biologist and aquatic ecologist, published in October 2014, noted that similar project of this type, on a much smaller scale, had been proposed by VAFFC in 1998 only to be rejected due to the threats it would pose to the estuary and its fish and wildlife resources. The new jet fuel facility proposal poses far greater environmental threats; Langer estimated that a 21 kilometre stretch of the river would be at risk from jet fuel spills. Occurrence of fuel spills would ‘jeopardize many social and environmental values in this very important Canadian river and its globally significant estuary’. The potentially affected area of the river is a habitat for hundreds of thousands of birds and ‘of extreme importance to the world’s largest salmon runs in a river system’. Other species that could be affected by the jet fuel terminal include seals that frequent the project area and California sea lions swimming up the river. Fuel spills would also impact upon commercial and First Nations fishing that takes place in the section of the river directly in front of the jet fuel terminal site.