Nigeria-Morocco Offshore and Onshore Gas Pipeline

Morocco and Nigeria sign partnership agreement in 2016 for a gas pipeline amid rejection by national, regional, and international NGOs and EJOs due to the environmental and socio-economic impacts of the project.


Description

In December 2016, King Mohammed VI of Morocco officially announced the construction of the Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline. The idea of a trans-Saharan gas pipeline was already proposed in the 1970s with a goal of diversifying Europe’s gas resources .“For economic, political, legal and security reasons, the choice was made on a combined onshore and offshore route,” Morocco’s National Office of Hydrocarbons and Mines (ONHYM) and the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), the two authorities supervising the project said in the joint declaration. 

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Basic Data
NameNigeria-Morocco Offshore and Onshore Gas Pipeline
CountryMorocco
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Climate change related conflicts (glaciers and small islands)
Other
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe pipeline will be approximately 5,660-km long and its construction works will be in phases covering 25 years.

There is opposition expressed in these terms by numerous organizations in 2018: "In December 2016, an announcement was made of a nearly 5000 km Nigeria-Morocco offshore gas pipeline which at today’s prices will cost an estimated 20 billion US dollars. In reality, the actual costs will likely be much higher. This pipeline would be a continuation of the existing 678 km long West African Gas pipeline (WAGP) that has been in service since 2010. It aims to serve 12 countries on the African continent and some 300 million potential consumers, with a possible extension to the Europe."[1]
Level of Investment (in USD)20,000,000,000
Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date12/2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesIhmar Capital from Morocco - The Moroccan investment partner in the partnership with Nigeria to constrct the pipeline.
Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority (NSIA) from Nigeria - NSIA is the Nigerian counterpart to the Moroccan Ithmar Capital, the two investment partners in the Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline Project.
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsMoroccan Office for Hydrocarbons and Mining (ONHYM)

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)
International and Financial InstitutionsThe Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters1. ATTAC Morocco

2. Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF), Nigeria

3. Peoples Advancement Centre, Nigeria

4. Justica Ambiental, Mozambique

5. Centre for Children’s Health Education, Orientation and Protection (CEE-HOPE), Nigeria.

6. Centre for Environment, Human Rights and Development (CEHRD), Nigeria.

7. Les Amis de la Terre Togo (ADT-Togo), Togo

8. Jeune Chretien en Action Pour le Development (JCAD), Togo

9. Centre for Social Studies and Development- We the People, Nigeria

10. Oilwatch Ghana, Ghana

11. Environmental Justice North Africa (EJNA)

12. Green Concern for Development (GREENCODE), Nigeria

13. Social Action, Nigeria

14. Rainforest Resource and Development Centre (RRDC), Nigeria

15. Lokiaka Community Development Centre, Nigeria

16. Green Alliance of Nigeria (GAN)

17. Struggle to Economize Future Environment (SEFE), Cameroon

18. 350.org, Africa

19. Gastivists, International

20. Youth Climate Coalition, UK

21. Platform London, UK

22. Observatori del Deute en la Globalització (ODG), Catalunya

23. CoalSwarm, USA

24. Millieudefensie/Friends of the Earth Netherlands

25. Amigos de la Tierra (FoE Spain)

26. Oil Change International, International

27. Corporate Europe Observatory, Belgium

28. Association Pierredomachal, France

29. Ecologistas en Acción (Spain)

30. Attac (France)

31. Climáximo (Portugal)

32. Friends of the earth (USA)

33. Food & Water Europe

34. Friends of the Earth Europe

35. Non au Gazoduc Fos Dunkerque, France

36. Leave it in the Ground Initiative (LINGO)

37. Kebetkache Women Development and Resource Centre, Nigeria

38. Egi Human Rights and Environmental Initiative, Nigeria

39. Ikarama Women Association, Nigeria

40. Oil watch international
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Global warming
Potential: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Other Environmental impacts
OtherMonoculture and Agro-industry
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Development of Alternatives- Shift to renewable non-fossil energy sources

- Shift away from agribusiness and industrial clusters and focus on small-scale farmers

- Prioritising local community needs over energy needs of multinational corporations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Outcome still not clear. The construction works will be in phases covering 25 years.
Sources and Materials
Links

News article about the project, published on 26 January 2017

Economic Development in the Pipeline
[click to view]

News article about the pipeline project developments, published on 16 May 2017

Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline Project Taking Shape
[click to view]

Article about the Nigeria-Morocco pipeline plan, published on 27 January 2017

Morocco, Nigeria plan for a trans-African gas pipeline
[click to view]

A report on the project , published on 30 July 2018

Morocco-Nigeria Gas Pipeline: Smart Move for Economy or an Environmental Disaster
[click to view]

Press release about the African Bank focus to accelerate industrialisation of Africa, published on 14 May 2018

2018 Annual Meetings focus on accelerating Africa’s industrialization
[click to view]

11 June 2018, Reuters. Morocco, Nigeria agree on next steps for offshore/onshore gas pipeline
[click to view]

Media Links

[1] Collective statement by 40 different national, regional, and international NGOs and EJOs, published on 23 March 2018

Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline: Not in Our Interest
[click to view]

Is the Nigeria-Moroccan pipeline project possible, or is it just a pipe dream?. Fumnanya Agbugah - Ezeana. Jun. 12 2018 (a good report)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Map of planned pipeline route
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update26/10/2018
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