Nile Basin Reforestation Project, Uganda


The Nile Basin Reforestation Project is a deal between the Ugandan Government represented by the National Forest Authority and the World Bank BioCarbon Fund, detailing improved conservation management practices in the Rwoho Central Forest Reserve gazetted woodland, including the reforestation of degraded grasslands to create 341.9 ha of timber plantations (pine and mixed native species) and sequester 29,795 t CO2-e. The project became the first African forestry project to be registered under the CDM in August 2009.

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Basic Data
NameNile Basin Reforestation Project, Uganda
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesLand
Ecosystem Services
Biological resources
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Uganda Nile Basin Reforestation project establishes 2,000 hectares of pine and mixed native species plantations in the Rwoho Central Forest Reserve, grassland areas previously degraded due to deforestation and erosion. 29795 t of CO2-e offsets will be created.
Project Area (in hectares)2,000
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Forest Authority of Uganda (NFA) from Uganda
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Uganda, Government of Italy (Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea)
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank BioCarbon fund
The World Bank (WB) from United States of America
World Bank Carbon Finance Scheme
Clean Development Mechanism Executive Board (CDM Executive Board)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/CDM (UNFCC)
International Bank For Reconstruction And Development (IBRD) - It operates as the Trustee for the BioCarbon Fund
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRwoho Environmental Conservation and Protection Association (RECPA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Communities have protested against their ‘denial of access’ to forest resources by local communities, insensitive management styles, and a lack of opportunity for communities to voice their concerns’.
Sources and Materials

Uganda Forestry and Tree Planting Act


CDMs documents
[click to view]

Carbon Finance Unit
[click to view]

The CDM Cannot Deliver the Money to Africa. Why the carbon trading gamble won’t save the planet from climate change, and how African civil society is resisting, EJOLT REPORT
[click to view]

"The CDM Cannot Deliver the Money to Africa.", chapter 5
[click to view]

Media Links

Norwatch (2000) ‘Norwegian Tree Plantations, Carbon Credits and Land Conflicts in Uganda’

TimberWatch (2009) ‘Potential Impacts of Tree Plantation Projects under the CDM An African Case Study

Carbon trading in Africa, A critical review (Institute of Security Studies)
[click to view]

Other Documents

REDD in East Africa
[click to view]

Other CommentsFor the companies involved, please review the CDM documents.

For the NFA 2004-05 was the first year of operations and the institution received activity-specific funding from two donor arrangements:

1) Under the Forest Resource Management and Conservation Project from the EC/European Development Fund the NFA receives 2.6 million euros, ending 2006. 2006 is the last year of the programme, with an estimated funding of 1.6 million euros.

2) UK Department for International Development and Norway provided 3.3 million euros as a Start-Up Fund to co-fund infrastructure development and to provide working capital for the establishment phase of the NFA. The programme ends 2007, and 2.5 million euros remains for 2006 and 2007.
Meta Information
ContributorPatrick Bond, University of KwaZulu-Natal (Centre for Civil Society)
Last update25/06/2014