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Noonu Maafaru机场扩建项目,马尔代夫

马尔代夫EPA决定停止计划扩大已经有争议的机场,该机场将对当地环境和社区造成巨大损失,并被环境部长侯赛因·拉希德·哈桑(Hussain Rasheed Hassan)推翻。



案例描述

由于它对当地的环境和社区造成的巨大损失,马尔代夫EPA的计划扩张被马尔代夫EPA停止了[1,2]。这一决定被环境部长侯赛因·拉希德·哈桑(Hussain Rasheed Hassan)博士推翻(政府的宣言保证包括保护和保存国家的自然遗产),他们坚持旅游业参与者,这些参与者也将从游客的增加中受益匪浅作为来自岛屿社区的压力,他们将国际机场视为受欢迎的“发展”,这将进一步提供其民族知名度,同时提供滴滴的经济利益。

2019年12月,EPA拒绝土地开垦要求,要求Maafaru机场扩建。然而,在2020年1月,尽管EPA拒绝了土地开垦请求Maafaru机场扩建的请求,但环境部长还是覆盖了EPA的决定,并批准了第二阶段扩展项目[8]。 /代码>机场扩建项目将继续进行,除非和做一些事情来保存这个对环境敏感和生态意义的领域。 EPA决策声明中的值得注意的点包括[6]:

1。该项目的目的“与该项目产生的长期环境和社会经济负面影响相比,该项目不是有效的理由。” 。 “填海工程将导致Maafaru泻湖大部分地区的永久损失,影响周围的珊瑚礁生态系统。”



3。一张丰富的海洋床,是许多少年海洋生物以及海蓝色放牧区的栖息地。 “岛以海蓝筑巢而闻名,因此由于可预测的侵蚀而丧失了放牧地点以及乌龟筑巢的海滩,该项目的活动将对附近的海洋生物产生直接负面影响。” [3,4,5]

5。 “挖出内部泻湖将导致浊度和沉淀以及流体动力学的变化,这很可能会导致Maafaru住宅区未受保护的沿海地区的侵蚀和增值……” 0 <代码> 0 6。 “机场扩建足迹将影响22,000棵树,这是该岛现有植被的主要部分。此外,该区域还包含用于住宅建筑物的情节分配,即待处理的结构。因此,如果要从可用的土地分配赔偿地块,在岛上的另一端,这意味着该岛的最后剩下的成熟植被也将被摧毁,而马法鲁将留下其原始成熟的任何成熟的贫瘠之地植被。”

自2017年底以来一直主张停止环境破坏,特别是与Kulhudhuffushi Mangroves和湿地的破坏有关,以建造机场。在这种情况下,该活动一直在引起人们对许多形式的环境破坏的担忧,这些形式一直在发生并继续在过去十年中发生在马尔代夫中[7]。

0 /代码>

基本数据
冲突名称:Noonu Maafaru机场扩建项目,马尔代夫
国家:马尔代夫
州或省份:诺努
冲突位置:马法鲁
位置精度高(地方范围)
冲突来源
冲突类型(一级):基础设施和建设环境
冲突类型(二级)港口和机场项目
商品旅游服务
土地
泻湖
项目详情和相关主体
项目详情

丢失了22,000棵树; 58.2公顷的回收珊瑚礁; 75公顷泻湖永久丢失;计划有3200米长的跑道,其中有2200米;现有机场已经提供了65公顷土地; 1,455,000立方米的沙子从205,000平方米的占地面积挖了; 8.2公顷土地清除了3.8公顷的成熟植被和4.36公顷的土地;马法鲁岛的大小为119公顷; Maafaru上的517公顷海草床,其中42公顷永久损失; 43种鱼类;霍克斯比尔乌龟(IUCN红色列表)受到影响;直接创建的106个作业,大约40个间接创建;

项目面积:66
投资规模52,000,000
人口类型农村
受影响人数715
冲突开始事件:01/04/2017
公司名称或国有企业名称Island Aviation Services Limited (IAS) from Maldives
Tuff Infrastructure Pvt Ltd Singapore (subsidiary of Tuff Group AG) from Singapore - Contractor
Sun Siyam Resorts from Maldives - Contractor
GK Developments Company from India - Subcontractor
CDE Consulting from Maldives - Consultants
相关政府主体:区域机场(马尔代夫);运输和民航部(马尔代夫);环境保护局(马尔代夫);环境部(马尔代夫);民航局(马尔代夫);马法鲁岛议会;
国际机构和金融机构Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD) from United Arab Emirates
环境正义组织(和其他支持者)及其网址(若存在):Savemaldives(https://savemaldives.net/)
冲突与动员
强度潜伏状态(目前无可见组织)
反应阶段潜伏期(无可见抗争)
参与行动的群体:本地环境正义组织
动员形式:以社区为基础的参与式研究(大众流行病学研究等)
基于媒体的行动/替代媒体
反对环境影响评价报告
官方举报信和请愿书
项目影响
环境影响可见: 森林退化和植被丧失, 全球变暖, 大气污染, 生物多样性丧失(野生生物、农业多样性), 景观/美感丧失, 噪声污染, 土壤侵蚀, 地表水污染/水质(理化生属性)下降, 大规模干扰水文和地质系统, 生态/水文连通性降低
潜在: 荒漠化/干旱, 洪水(河流、沿海、泥流), 粮食/食物安全问题(作物受损), 土壤污染, 废物(水、渣、气等)外溢, 原油泄漏, 地下水污染或枯竭
健康影响潜在: 事故, 精神问题包括压力大、抑郁和自杀, 职业病和事故
社会经济影响可见: 腐败增加/收编不同行动者, 失去生计, 对妇女的特殊影响, 土地剥夺, 失去景观/地域感
潜在: 迫迁/安置, 丧失传统知识/习俗/文化, 侵犯人权
结果
项目状态计划(决定推进,例如进行EIA等)
冲突结果/回应参与的加强
你认为这在环境正义上是否成功?是否捍卫了环境正义?
略作解释在2020年1月,尽管EPA拒绝了土地开垦请求马法鲁机场扩张,但环境部长却覆盖了EPA的决定,并批准了第二阶段扩张项目。这一决定是在驳回EPA拒绝的决定后做出的,期望该项目已被批准继续[8]。
资料来源
相关法律和法规

Law on Cultural and Historical Places and Objects of the Maldives (27/79)
[click to view]

Regulation for the Protection and Conservation of the Natural Life and CHaracter of Old Plants and Trees in Maldives
[click to view]

General Laws Act (4/68)
[click to view]

Lan Use Planning Regulation and Guidelines (2005)
[click to view]

Act on Decentralising the Administrative Divisions of the Maldievs (7/2010)
[click to view]

Regulation on Dredging and Land Reclamation
[click to view]

Regulation for Cutting Down, Uprooting, Digging Out and Export of Trees and Palms from One Island to Another
[click to view]

[2] EPA rejects land reclamation request for Maafaru Airport expansion (The Edition, 29 December 2019)
[click to view]

[3] Turtle steals maiden landing on Maafaru runway (The Edition, 9 April 2019)
[click to view]

[4] Another lost turtle found at Maafaru Airport (The Edition, 31 December 2019)
[click to view]

[5] Endangered turtle returns to beach to lay its eggs only to find runway has been built (The Independent (UK), 11 April 2019)
[click to view]

[6] Maafaru Airport Ecocide (27 Feb 2020)
[click to view]

[8] State approves Maafaru Airport runway expansion (The Edition, 13 January 2020)
[click to view]

Maafaru airport contractor seeks extended deadline (The Edition, 21 March 2019)
[click to view]

Maafaru airport incomplete due to bribery: Nasheed (The Edition, 3 April 2019)
[click to view]

'Maafaru airport will be a gift from UAE' (The Edition, 25 December 2017)
[click to view]

President Yameen inaugurates Maafaru International Airport (The Edition, 29 August 2018)
[click to view]

Fraught with fraudulence: Maafaru International Airport (The Edition, 5 December 2018)
[click to view]

GKD takes Maafaru airport contractor to court (The Edition, 23 December 2018)
[click to view]

Maafaru International Airport under audit (The Edition, 16 December 2018)
[click to view]

EOI Invitation for Prequalification to Bid for Construction Works
[click to view]

Turtle steals maiden landing on Maafaru runway (The Edition, 9 April 2019)
[click to view]

EPA rejects land reclamation request for Maafaru Airport expansion (The Edition, 29 December 2019)
[click to view]

Another lost turtle found at Maafaru Airport (The Edition, 31 December 2019)
[click to view]

State approves Maafaru Airport runway expansion (The Edition, 13 January 2020)
[click to view]

Endangered turtle returns to beach to lay its eggs only to find runway has been built (The Independent (UK), 11 April 2019)
[click to view]

Local firm to develop domestic airport in Maafaru (The Edition, 27 April 2017)
[click to view]

High Court declines to stop handover of Maafaru airport (The Edition, 17 May 2017)
[click to view]

ACC requests suspension of Regional Airports Deputy Director (The Edition, 5 November 2018)
[click to view]

Transport Minister to talk Maafaru Airport issues with ADFD (The Edition, 26 December 2018)
[click to view]

"International flights to be operated from Maafaru Airport" (AvasOnline, 25 December 2019)
[click to view]

Maafaru International Airport readies for international flights in December (Maldives Business Review, 25 November 2019)
[click to view]

Act on Decentralising the Administrative Divisions of the Maldievs (7/2010)
[click to view]

EOI Invitation for Prequalification to Bid for Construction Works (Gazette of the Maldivian Government, 28 March 2019)
[click to view]

Maldives customs stop illegal export of coconut palms (Maldives Independent, 3 November 2018)
[click to view]

Maldivian begins flights to Maafaru International Airport (The Edition, 1 December 2019)
[click to view]

"Corruption watchdog orders halt on payment for Maafaru airport contractors" (raajje.mv, 8 November 2018)
[click to view]

"N. Maafaru airport expansion project was rejected by EPA. Below is the decision statement for the project." (@EPAMaldives on Twitter, 29 December 2019)
[click to view]

Environment Minister visits Maafaru to 'further investigate' airport dispute (The Edition, 9 January 2019)
[click to view]

CALL FOR EXPRESSION OF INTEREST (EOI) FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION OF A DOMESTIC AIRPORT (Gazette of the Maldivian Government, 28 March 2019)
[click to view]

相关视频、活动、和社交网络链接

[7] Save Maldives campaign
[click to view]

Save Maldives campaign
[click to view]

其他文件

(EIA Addendum 2019) Second Addendum to the EIA for the proposed Airport Development Project at Maafaru Island, Noonu Atoll Part 1: http://files.epa.gov.mv/file/1493

Part 2: http://files.epa.gov.mv/file/1492

Part 3: http://files.epa.gov.mv/file/1491

Part 4: http://files.epa.gov.mv/file/1490
[click to view]

Notice for Cancellation of EOI (Ministry of Transport and Communication, 24 March 2013) Page 30 of the Gazette document.
[click to view]

Call for EOI (Ministry of Transport and Communication, Gazette of the Maldivian Government, 30 January 2013) Page 24 of the Gazette document.
[click to view]

Maafaru Island Airport Project EIA (EPA, 2014)
[click to view]

Maafaru Airport Expansion Approval DS (EPA, 2017)
[click to view]

Maafaru Airport Expansion Rejection DS (EPA, 2019)
[click to view]

元数据
案例作者Hussain Shaihaan Abdulla, SaveMaldives, [email protected]
最近更新18/05/2020
案例编码4945
评论
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