NTPC Thermal Power Plant at Lara in Chhattisgarh, India


In November 2012, the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) announced it will set up a 5X800 MW Super thermal Power Project at Lara in Raigarh District of Chhatisgarh. Currently, NTPC (Western region) II is operating three super thermal power stations in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh contributing nearly 9340 MW of power. The project will be based on super critical technology. The coal requirement will be met from Talaipalli Coal Block of Mand Raigarh Coalfields. Water will be obtained from Mahanadi River.

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Basic Data
NameNTPC Thermal Power Plant at Lara in Chhattisgarh, India
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Coal extraction and processing
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe NTPC plant will come up near Lara village in Raigarh district. The power plant will have five units of 800 Mw each.It would be producing 4000 Mw of power. The NTPC would give 50 per cent power to the state.

Water Requirement (m3/day) : 115920
Project Area (in hectares)487
Level of Investment (in USD)1,531,276,507
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date23/11/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, National Green Tribunal
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPeople of at least 50 villages in 12 gram panchayats of Jharsugudas Lakhanpur block have opposed the 4, MW NTPC power project at Lora in Chhattisgarh.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
The project was visited by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on September 19, 2013. Local villegers have decided to organize a road blockade on September 19 on the Odisha-Chhattisgarh border.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of AlternativesPublic hearing of affected people from villages of Orissa should take place.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Locals claim that the project will affect several villages in Odisha, the company should have conducted public hearing to know the reaction of the people. Since there was no public hearing, they have decided to take the matter to the National Green Tribunal.
Sources and Materials

Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forest -- Environment Clarence of Lara Super Thermal Power Plant
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(1) Greenclearance Watch
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(1) Greenclearance Watch
[click to view]

NTPC to set up 4000 MW Power Project in Chhattisgarh
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NTPCs four new projects coming up in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh
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NTPC to set up 4,000 MW power plant in Chhattisgarh
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Chhattisgarh signs MoU with NTPC for 4000 Mw power project
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NTPC to set up 4,000 MW power plant in Chhattisgarh
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NTPC to invest around Rs 12,000 cr for project in Chhattisgarh
[click to view]

Villagers oppose NTPC plant
[click to view]

Media Links

Indian Environmental Portal on You tube on the case:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014