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Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant II in Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Oblast, Russia

The original Leningrad NPP (1976) is being replaced by a new Leningrad NPP2. Despite protests by activists, the new project is currently under construction.


Sosnovy Bor, just 70 km from St. Petersburg, is a home to 5 million people.  Sosnovy Bor is also a place where, in 1976, the original Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant was built [1]. The original plant is one of the country’s oldest Soviet-time built facility [2]. Given ageing, in 2008, a proposal was made to build a new NPP as an extension to the original one.  The project was named Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant 2 (LNPP2) [1,2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant II in Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Oblast, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
State or province:Leningrad Oblast
Location of conflict:Sosnovy Bor
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The plan was to build the Leningrad nuclear power plant-2 (LNPP2) next to the existing and very old Leningrad NPP [1-5].

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Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:5,000,000
Start of the conflict:01/01/2008
Company names or state enterprises:Rosenergoatom from Russian Federation
Relevant government actors:Officials of the Smolnenskoye administrative body
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Centre (ERC) Bellona — Bellona’s St. Petersburg office
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsLeucemia
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Militarization and increased police presence
Project StatusUnder construction
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Besides the protests and strong opposition by the activists, the LNPP2 is under construction and the old LNPP was not yet completely shut-down.
Sources & Materials

[1] Bellona 2008: ‘Nuclear monsters’ protest groundbreaking of the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant 2
[click to view]

[2] Bellona 2020: Leningrad nuclear power plant shuts down its No 2 reactor for decommissioning
[click to view]

[3] Bellona 2008: Bellona and public told to butt out of plans to build a second nuclear power plant near St. Petersburg
[click to view]

[4] Power technology: Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant 2, Sosnoviy Bor
[click to view]

[5]World Nuclear News 2020: Leningrad II-2 cleared for pilot operation
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:KH JMA ICTA-UAB ENVJUST project
Last update07/02/2021
Conflict ID:5402
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