Nuclear Waste Disposal at Trgovska gora, Croatia

The Croatian government’s decision to store nuclear waste from the NPP “Krško” in Trgovska gora, at the border with Bosnia, has provoked strong opposition in both countries.


Croatia owns 50% of the Nuclear Power Plant “Krško” in Slovenia and as such it is obliged to take care of half of the nuclear waste after the NPP stops working in 2043. Slovenia has already build the permanent nuclear waste repository in close proximity to the NPP Krško (locality Vrbina). Croatian government, however, found more economically viable to build the repository within its territory, also because of EU funds directed to local municipalities hosting such object.

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Basic Data
NameNuclear Waste Disposal at Trgovska gora, Croatia
ProvinceSisak-Moslavina County
SiteDvor na Uni, Municipality of Dvor
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear waste storage
Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesNuclear waste, medical and industrial radioactive waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsNPP "Krško" was built in 1981.

Trgovska gora is located 200 km away from the NPP “Krško”

The disposal site is planned to store:

- 60 tonnes of medical and industrial radioactive waste,

- 8,000 m3 of low and intermediate level radioactive waste, and

- 10,000 m3 of so called decommission nuclear waste.

The NPP was planned to be closed in 2023, but Interstate Commission extend its operating life with 20 years.

70 % of the repository impact zone is at the territory of B&H.
Project Area (in hectares)54,000
Level of Investment (in USD)213,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population235,000
Start Date1999
Company Names or State EnterprisesEnergy and Environmental Protection Institute (EKONERG) from Croatia - Author of the strategic study
Nuclear Power Plant "Krško" from Slovenia - Source of nuclear waste
Relevant government actorsThe Government of Republic of Croatia; The State Office for Nuclear Safety, Croatia; The National Assembly of Republic of Srpska; Parliament of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; The Ministry of Spatial Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of Republic of Srpska
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters"STOP deponiji radioaktivnog otpada na Trgovskoj gori"; Local authorities in the Una River Basin; Political party “Živi zid” (Living Wall); Local Action Group LAG-UNA, Associacion "Iskra", Novi Grad; “Regionalnog foruma za okolišnu sigurnost i suradnju”; Associations "Zrinjska gora" and "Put kestena"; Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering Faculty of University of Tuzla, among others.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Young people and kids, beekeepers, Serbian minority
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Diplomatic activities
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responsePublic discussions
Development of AlternativesThe opponents agree that the best solution would be to invest in new tanks in the existing waste repository in Slovenia. The government of Bosnian and Herzegovina leads a diplomatic battle against the project.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.It stays to be seen in 2016 if the diplomatic and public pressure will make the Croatian government quit the idea of depositing nuclear waste in Trgovska gora.
Sources and Materials

Decision on public discussion continuation
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Critical analysis of "Strategic studies for national program implementation strategy of radioactive waste management"
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Report from the protest and public hearing in Dvor
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B&H demands solution from Croatia
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U ovom mjestu u Hrvatskoj će se skladištiti nuklearni otpad iz Krškog.
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Hrvatske Srbe zavadio nuklearni otpad u Dvoru
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Zvizdić: Hrvatska nuklearni otpad treba skladištiti u Krškom, ne na Trgovskoj gori
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Trans-boundary resistance against the storage
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Report from the public debate
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Activists against the representative of Croatian Office for Nuclear Safety
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Government of B&H united against the storage in Dvor
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Croatian newspapers on the storage
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Trgovska gora and nuclear waste
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Serbian minority and nuclear waste in Trgovska gora
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Slovenia suggest joint nuclear storage to Croatia
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Trgovska gora is predominantly inhabited by Serbian minority
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Letter by the representative of Serbian minority
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Trabs-boundary impact of nuclear waste
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On economic aspect of the case
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About plans to build nuclear waste storage
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Diplomatic battle
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B&H authorities at the ESPOO conference
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Public discussion
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Croatian Radioactive Waste Site Alarms Bosnians (in English)
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Open letter to the president of Croatia
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RS opposed to Croatia's plan to build radioactive waste storage facility near border (in English)
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Bosnia and Croatia Spar Over Radioactive Waste Site (in English)
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Media Links

Local reactions on the storage
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Issue related news
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Protest in Dvor unites Croatia and B&H actors
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Protests in Dvor
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Protest in Zagreb
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TV interview with activist Dijana Savić and director of State Office for Nuclear Safety -Saša Medaković
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Public discussion in Dvor
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Mayor of Petrinja against the nuclear waste
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Bosnian authorities reaction
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Other Documents

Dvor says NO to nuclear waste disposal Citizents of Dvor protesting against the nuclear waste repository at Trgovska gora
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Citizents of Novi Grad, Bosnia signing petition against the repository Activists and citizens in Bosnia opposed the idea of nuclear waste storage in Trgovska gora
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"Una river has no price" and "Trgovska gora-NO, thank you" Protest at the Una river
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update20/12/2016