Last update:
2016-05-16

Nuclear Waste Storage in Villar de Cañas, Spain

The nuclear waste deposit (ATC) in Villar de Cañas in the region of Castilla La Mancha has been running into increased difficulties since the plan was launched in 2004.


Description:

In 2004, the Spanish Parliament approved the construction of a nuclear waste storage facility.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Nuclear Waste Storage in Villar de Cañas, Spain
Country:Spain
State or province:Cuenca
Location of conflict:Villar de Cañas
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear waste storage
Specific commodities:Radioactive Waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Total nuclear waste material to be storaged: 12,816 m3 of radioactive waste. Storage for 60 years.

Project area:13
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:400-500
Start of the conflict:2004
Company names or state enterprises:Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos S.A (Enresa) from Spain
Relevant government actors:Spanish governement, Regional government of Castilla y la Mancha, Villar de Cañas Town Council
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Plataforma contra el cementerio nuclear en Cuenca in which there are the following 49 groups: AcampadaCuenca, A.D.I. Záncara, A.VV. Casa Blanca, Asamblea de Jóvenes QNK, A.VV. Pozo de las Nieves (Cuenca), A.VV. San Antón, A.VV. San Fernando, A.VV. Tiradores Altos, Agrupación Naturalista Esparvel, ATTAC-CLM, Area de Juventud de IU, ARMH- Cuenca, ASAJA Cuenca, Asociación de Naturalistas Conquenses, ASTAREL, Ayuntamiento de Alconchel de la Estrella, Ayuntamiento de Belinchón, Ayuntamiento de Belmonte, Ayuntamiento de Cuenca, Ayuntamiento de El Hito, Ayuntamiento de Villar de la Encina, Ayuntamiento de Villarejo de Fuentes, Baladre, Caldero Mágico, CC.OO. (U.P. Cuenca), CGT Cuenca, Ciudadanos por la República de Cuenca, Despensa Natura, Ecologistas en Acción - CLM, Ecologistas en Acción - Cuenca, EQUO, FAVECU, FCPN, La Gavilla Verde, Greenpeace, Grupo Ecologista Universales, IU (Agrupación local de Cuenca), Juventudes Socialistas de CLM, Partido Castellano, PCE de Cuenca, Asociación de consumidores ecológicos Pisto, Plataforma Ciudadana Ambiental de Tarancón, PSOE - Cuenca, Salvemos las Tablas Ya, UGT - Cuenca, Unión de Juventudes Comunistas de España (UJCE), UPA Cuenca, UPA-CLM, Yesca-Cuenca.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Other Environmental impactsRadioactivity-related impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Proposal and development of alternatives:Not to build any nuclear waste storage anywhere. keep the waste in the existing nuclear power stations.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Or rather not yet. The nuclear storage is still planned to be built in Villar de Cañas. However, there is strong opposition at the national level, and also a smell of corruption on the money that has been spent already in Villar de Cañas. By 2016, it seems unlikely that the ATC will be built, also because of the change of government (from PP to PSOE) in the region of Castilla La Mancha.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Acuerdo europeo sobre transporte internacional de mercancías peligrosas por carretera:
[click to view]

6º Plan General de Residuos Radiactivos (PGRR):
[click to view]

Real Decreto 1349/2003 sobre ordenación de las actividades de la Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos (Enresa), y su financiación. Texto BOE num. 268 del 8 de Noviembre de 2003:
[click to view]

Real Decreto 208/2005 sobre aparatos eléctricos y electrónicos y la gestión de sus residuos. Texto BOE num.49 del 26 de Febrero de 2005:
[click to view]

para el impulso a la productividad:
[click to view]

Ley 24/2005, de 18 de noviembre, de reformas

Orden ECO/1449/2003 sobre gestión de materiales residuales sólidos con contenido radiactivo generados en las inst radiactivas de 2ª y 3ª cat en las que se manipulen o almacenen isótopos radiactivos no encapsulados. Texto BOE num.134 del 5 de Junio de 2003
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Youtube clip from the Platform:
[click to view]

Youtube clip: massive demonstration against the nuclear waste storage:
[click to view]

El Pais, 15 March 2016, Manuel Planelles. El CSN difundirá los informes que cuestionan el almacén nuclear. Los análisis de los suelos fueron declarados confidenciales por el Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear
[click to view]

Newspaper article: El TS avala que el almacén nuclear se ubique en Villar de Cañas (Cuenca):
[click to view]

Arguments from the Platform against the nuclear waste storage:
[click to view]

Newspaper article: Méndez, R. (2013, Oct 19) Industria oculta problemas en el terreno donde irá el almacén nuclear:
[click to view]

File from the nuclear waste storage company with information about the project. Almacén Temporal Centralizado. Dossier de Prensa:
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Slideshow of protest pictures against the nuclear waste storage:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Amaranta Herrero
Last update18/08/2019
Comments
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