Kenya has taken a path to accelerate development through mega projects in infrastructure, mining, oil and gas, energy and large-scale agriculture. These are projects without which the country will never achieve Vision 2030. But when such projects are not implemented responsibly, they often come at a high cost to the environment and affected communities. History has shown that projects that have adopted environmental and social standards and best practices have quickened development, improved the well-being of communities and achieved improved biodiversity and conservation outcomes. The Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) is an important pillar of the development agenda. However, in January/February 2016, the national environmental tribunal (NET) stopped China Roads and Bridge Corporation (CRBC) from harvesting sea sand in Kwale County for construction of the Standard Gauge Railway after locals appealed against a license issued in 2015 to the company by National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA). The tribunal initially stopped the CRBC from harvesting the sand in July 2015 pending the determination of the appeal.