Last update:
2019-04-10

Land grabbing in Igbin Ojo and cargo airport construction proposal, Nigeria

Villagers are resisting land-grabbing of a large area of farmland, 64,750 hectares, in Igbin Ojo, Ogun State, where a cargo airport is proposed. About 5,000 people from 20 villages could be affected. Farmers have been intimidated, their crops bulldozed.


Description:

A major cargo airport is planned in the Wasimi area (also referred to as Wasinmi) of Ewekoro Local Government Area of Ogun State [1]. On 18th December 2017 hundreds of farmers from the village of Igbin Ojo and seven other communities in Ogun State protested against land-grabbing for the airport. Appealing to the Ogun State Governor Ibikunle Amosun to intervene community leader Ademola Tiwalade Adisa stated that, on three occasions, groups of people came onto their land. Adisa reported that, on 17th November a group of people with a bulldozer invaded their land, then, on 24th November and 8th December a larger group of people encroached onto their land and began mapping portions of it [2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Land grabbing in Igbin Ojo and cargo airport construction proposal, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Ogun State
(municipality or city/town)Igbin-Ojo
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Ogun cargo airport was first conceived in 2005 [3]. Shortly before the recent reports of land grabbing, in May 2017, the project languished abandoned; the only physical infrastructure that had materialized was a perimeter fence around an area of land measuring 5 x 5 kilometers [6]. Farmland is being destroyed, and farmers displaced, for an airport project which aims to export farm produce; the Ogun airport project has been described as an ‘agro-cargo airport‘.[8] It appears that the primary purpose of the airport is envisaged as ‘transportation of agricultural products to other parts of the world’ [9]. This is also referred to as export of perishable (temperature controlled) goods. Only cursory mention has been made of other potential functions for the airport such as import of consumer goods, machinery and industrial raw products, pilot training school, aircraft maintenance facility, helicopter and air taxi services [6]. A 2017 investigation of Nigeria’s abandoned and unviable airport projects stated that the Ogun State budget for Ogun Cargo Airport is N20 billion (US$55.4 million) [12].

Project area:64,750
Level of Investment:USD55.4 million
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:5,000 farmers
Start of the conflict:17/11/2017
Relevant government actors:Ogun State Government

Ogun Bureau of Lands

Ewekoro North Local Council Development Area (LCDA)

Federal Government of Nigeria
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Civil Liberties Organisation (CLO) - https://www.facebook.com/Civil-Liberties-Organisation-CLO-1382624415324862/
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Villagers conducted a survey of the land and obtained a land information certificate
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsHealth problems caused by pollutants emitted by aircraft
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Criminalization of activists
Land demarcation
Court decision (undecided)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The Ogun State Government has proceeded with land aquisition for Ogun Cargo Airport in spite of opposition from villagers facing displacement, protest and litigation.
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[9] Airport Project: Ogun Pays N500bn Compensation To Farmers, INDEPENDENT, 1 March 2018
[click to view]

[11] NGO Urges Buhari To Stop Gov. Amosun, Aide, From Illegal Acquisition Of Land In Ogun, Sahara Reporters, 3 April 2018
[click to view]

[1] Farmers resist land-grabbing for cargo airport in Ogun State, Nigeria, Global Anti-Aerotropolis Movement (GAAM), 8 March 2018
[click to view]

[2] Ogun communities send SoS to Amosun over land, The Sun, 21 December 2017
[click to view]

[3] Land grabbing: Ogun communities send SOS to Amosu, The Sun, 4 January 2018
[click to view]

[4] Ogun community cries out over acquisition of land for cargo airport, Sunday Magazine, 4 February 2018
[click to view]

[5] CLO petitions Amosun over unlawful acquisition of land, The Guardian, 16 February 2018
[click to view]

[6] Reps to probe abandoned Ogun airport, Nigerian Tribune, 30 May 2017
[click to view]

[7] Airport project: Ogun farmers to get N500m compensation, The Nation, 27 February 2018
[click to view]

[8] Ogun airport project: Govt compensates 1,000 affected farmers, Nigerian Tribune, 28 February 2018
[click to view]

[10] N500m To Be Paid As Crop Compensation As Works Begin On Ogun Airport, abokiFX, 26 February 2018
[click to view]

[12] 14 states spend N250bn on abandoned, unviable airport projects – Investigation, The Point, 30 June 2017
[click to view]

Other documents

Protest against land-grabbing On 18th December 2017 hundreds of farmers protested. Source: The Sun Newspaper
[click to view]

Ogun Cargo Airport sign Ogun Cargo Airport was initiated by the Federal Government in 2006 Source: sotrueng
[click to view]

Igbin-Ojo is a farming community Ewekoro North Local Council Development Area (LCDA) of Ogun State. Source: The Guardian Nigeria
[click to view]

Residents protest Residents of Igbin-Ojo and seven other villages protested against land grabbing for the airport. Source: The Sun Newspaper
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Rose Bridger, Stay Grounded, email: [email protected]
Last update10/04/2019
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