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Oil Spill at Ikarama Community, Nigeria


Ikarama is located in Okordia Clan of Yenogoa Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. The community is host to the Okordia-Rumuekpe Trunk Line own by Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) in the state.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Oil Spill at Ikarama Community, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
Location of conflict:Okordia clan of Yenagoa local Government area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:30000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:11/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/FOEN, Oilwatch Nigeria
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Proposal and development of alternatives:-Shell should respond promptly by visiting the spill site and affected families and community leaders of Ikarama Community.
-A well constituted JIV team should visit the spill site which, must include: Representatives from the community whose farmland has been greatly affected, and other relevant agencies from government and Shell.
-Recommendations of the Joint Investigation team report should address the impact. And, such recommendations should be implemented fully by Shell and any other concerned agencies and representatives.
-Adequate compensation should be paid for damages to crops, impacted farmlands, and to affected individuals.
-Shell must commence adequate clean up of the spill.
-The relevant agencies of Government and environmental/human rights groups should follow up this incident to ensure that Shell should full responsibility for this spill incident
Generally, Shell should take immediate steps to clean up its polluted sites in Ikarama community.
And also:
-Stop the unwholesome practice of setting fire on oil spill sites in Ikarama. They should adopt internationally recognised best practices.
-The Local, State and Federal Governments should ensure Shell carries out effective clean up and remediation of the polluted environment
-Shell pays compensation to victims of oil spill/ fire in Ikarama.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the several spills by Shell and Other Oil Multinationals, the community people have continue to count their lost, as no proper clean up nor compensation are carried out.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Bayelsa community records 14th case of oil spill from Shell pipeline by SweetCrude Reports on November 13th, 2011

Shell Reports Fresh Oil Spill on Adibawa Delivery Line by THIS DAY LIVE on 41th November, 2011

Field Report #280:Fresh spill in Ikarama deprives locals of livelihoods

Field Report #203: Corporate lies of Shell Exposed at Ikarama
[click to view]

Field Report #200 - Update on Ikarama Oil Spill Fire
[click to view]

Sweet crude reports
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Market Watch
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PM news Nigeria
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Shell Reports Fresh Oil Spill on Adibawa Delivery Line
[click to view]

Shell Games in Nigeria, by Sasha Chavkin
[click to view]

[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Meta information
Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:558
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