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Oil Spill in Egbebiri Community, Nigeria


Egbebiri community is located in Biseni Clan of Yenogoa Local Government Area of Bayelsa state. The Oil Spill caused by the Nigeia Agip oil Company (NAOC) occurred in January, 2012, the spill devastated farmlands, destroyed fish ponds and surrounding vegetation, contaminating their streams and river course.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Oil Spill in Egbebiri Community, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
Location of conflict:Biseni Clan of Yenogoa Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Agip Egbebiri well 11 is connected to Idu Field and flow station that is located in Rivers state, which produces the following; Quantity of oil produced: 3,022,259 Barrels Quantity of Gas produce: 29,117,226.00 mscf Quantity of water produced: 1,308,374 Barrels.

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Project area:20
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:40,000 to 70,000
Start of the conflict:01/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria., Oilwatch Nigeria
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:1. Relevant Federal Government agencies (such as NOSDRA) should rise up to the occasion and compel Agip to go and clean-up the environment they have messed up.
2. Agip should be made to pay adequate compensation to the community for damages.
3. Environmental/Human Rights organizations should take up this matter to ensure environmental justice for the people of Egbebiri community.
4. Government responsive agencies should conduct a full inspection of all Agip infrastructure and other oil companies, and make their findings public.
5. Agip should make a clean public commitment to addressing pollution and human rights impacts, promptly, transparently and in consultation with key stakeholders and particularly affected communities.
6. Alternative sources of livelihood should be provided for displaced community people
7. The Federal Government of Nigeria should leave the oil in the soil and diversify the economy.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Agip claimed that the spill occurred as result of equipment failure, which they have not cleaned up since the spill occurred. Full reparation for the community has not been made by Agip. People have lost their lands for farming and fish ponds for fishing. Their livelihoods has been truncated by oil spillage.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on matters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Bayelsa community raises alarm over oil spill from Agip well
[click to view]

Egberi community in Bayelsa, cries over oil spillage
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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