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Oil and gas spills by AGIP and ENI pipelines in Taylor Creek in Kalaba Community, Nigeria

AGIP/ENI spills have been heavily affecting the Kalaba community's source of livelihood and potable water. They have to fight for the company taking responsibility and stopping the leaks, all the more for cleaning-up the environment and compensating them.


Kalaba community is located in the Yenogoa Local Government Area of Bayelsa state. The community lives from hunting, weaving, fishing and farming [1]. They host two of the Agip’s oil wells in the Taylor creek and one of its pipelines. Kalaba is one of the six communities that make up the Okordia clan in Yenagoa Local Government Area. This Ijaw speaking community is located along the Taylor Creek. Kalaba’s neighbours include Ikarama, Ayamabele, and Akumoni communities.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Oil and gas spills by AGIP and ENI pipelines in Taylor Creek in Kalaba Community, Nigeria
State or province:Bayelsa State
Location of conflict:Yenogoa Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) annual statistical bulletin 2010, Agip has two oil wells in Taylor Creeks, in Kalaba community. The quantity of oil produced is estimated to 295,404 Barrels, the quantity of Gas produce: 8,057,315.00 mscf, the quantity of produced waste water: 286,441.00 Barrels.

Type of populationRural
Affected Population:45,000 to 120,000
Start of the conflict:09/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Agip Group from Italy
Eni group from Italy
Relevant government actors:Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps (NSCDC)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Trade Unions
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills
Potential: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsexposure to gas' toxics
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Other socio-economic impactsworkers' abduction, settlement for the Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps at Kalaba
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Under negotiation
Lack of rehabilitation of the impacted areas
Development of alternatives:The population is very exhausted because NAOC even takes time to mobilize and go the site to stop the spill. The populations call the company but also the governmental authorities to find long lasting solutions, to mobilize faster to the site to stop the spills and clean up the environment to minimize the threat on their sources of livelihoods and potable water [3].
Agip must move to the site immediately to clamp the leaking spot. The authorities must compel Agip to act responsibly, to avoid further damage to the ecosystem and, to forestall violence. It is the prerogative of NOSDRA to make sure the multinational is accountable.
Agip must ensure proper clean up and remediation of the environment and compensate the Kalaba community.
-An immediate replacement of the burnt pipeline and cleanup of the impacted environment
-Agip should properly consult the community leaders before accessing their forest for cleanup and any other exercise that affects the community
-Government at all levels ensures that NAOC and other extractive companies protect the environment in carrying out their operations.
-Agip should carry out a Joint investigation report to determine the cause of spill, and the extent of damage the fire may have caused.
-Adequate Compensation must be paid to the affected community people.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Community's people's farmlands have been destroyed, and no compensation or proper clean up of the successive spills and fire have been carried out.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules,laws policies and guidelines.

National oil spill Detection and Response Agency (NORSDRA) is saddle with the responsibility to create, nurture and sustain a zero tolerance oil spill incident in the Nigerian Environment. There mission is to: To restore and preserve our environment by ensuring best Oil field, storage and transmission practices in exploration, production and use of oil in the quest to achieve sustainable development in Nigeria.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010
[click to view]

Caroline Ifeka, 2007. Oil, NGOs & youths: struggles for resource control in the Niger delta, Review of African Political Economy.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Nigeria: Gas Leakage Threatens Bayelsa Community, March 2016
[click to view]

Nigeria: Communities in Bayelsa state suffering from recurrent Agip oil spills - parliament urges company to clean up spills
[click to view]

[6] Nigeria: NGO report alleges major gas leakage along Agip pipeline, demands lasting action from oil company
[click to view]

[5] Another oil spill occurs at ENI/Agip oil field in Nigeria’s Niger Delta, February 2016
[click to view]

Taylor Creek in Nigeria
[click to view]

Agip Gas Leakage Pollutes Bayelsa Water
[click to view]

Gas Leak Pollutes Taylor Creek In Bayelsa, February 2016
[click to view]

[7] Field Report #387: Fresh Oil Spill Along Nigerian Agip Oil Company [NAOC] Pipeline, ERA, April 2018
[click to view]

[8] Oil worker abducted at Agip’s oilfield regains freedom, April 2018
[click to view]

[2] For the umpteenth time, oil spill in Kalaba, February 2013
[click to view]

[1] Bayelsa community raises the alarm over gas leakage along Agip pipeline, February 2016
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Oil Spill In Niger Delta. Kalaba Community
[click to view]

Agip Pipeline Spill Wreaks Havoc In Kalaba, Bayelsa
[click to view]

Eni/Agip at Kalaba community, Bayelsa, Niger Delta, 2012
[click to view]

[3] Oils Spills In Nigeria. Kalaba community Bayelsa State, 2012
[click to view]

[4] Agip Spill at KALABA community of Bayelsa, 2012
[click to view]

Other documents

"Gas Leak Pollutes Taylor Creek In Bayelsa" Source. /
[click to view]

"Gas and oil leaking from a pipeline in Bayelsa State" Source: "Alagoa Morris/Friends of the Earth Nigeria/Environmental Rights Action" @
[click to view]

Other comments:In order to prevent oil spills, Nigeria law requires oil companies to ensure good oil field practice by complying with internationally recognized standard.
Kalaba community needs full reparation, and Agip should pay damages.
One of the pipelines was laid in the first quarter of 2010 while several others were laid years before. Within the month of September 2011 the community has recorded four major oil spills; one across the Taylor Creek and three others behind the community. Information about the latest three spills reached ERA/FoEN on Friday, 17 September 2011. This came barely five days after Agip clamped the spill point that occurred earlier in the month. The clamping of the earlier spill point took place on the 11 September 2011. Surprisingly three new spills occurred on Friday 17 September 2011. ERA/FoEN was at the site on 20 September 2011
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Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri & Maria Obaseki
Last update10/04/2019
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