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Oil spill of ExxonMobil in Ibeno Community, Nigeria


Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA/FoEN) visited Ibeno Community on the Atlantic coastline of Akwa Ibom State in 2012, following reports of an oil spill from the Qua Iboe Oil Fields operated by Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Oil spill of ExxonMobil in Ibeno Community, Nigeria
State or province:Akwa Ibom State
(municipality or city/town)Ibeno, Eket
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Project area:Unknown
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:7,000 to 10,000
Start of the conflict:2012
Company names or state enterprises:Mobil Producing Nigeria Plc (MPN) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
ExxonMobil Corporation (Exxon) from United States of America
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Artisan Fisher men association, ERA/FoEN (
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Potential: Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsContamination due to oil spills
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:1. Mobil to cleanup the polluted waters, shoreline and environment in Ibeno

2. Mobil to immediately replace all its aging and leaking pipelines

3. Mobil to take responsibility for past and current spills in the community

4. A comprehensive audit of the environment in Ibeno as a result of the incessant spills

5. NOSDRA should adequately penalize Mobil for this and other spills in order to halt this impunity and punish bad behaviour

6. Compensation of the impacted community folks, including fisherfolks whose livelihoods have been ruined
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Fishermen are yet to be compensated and Mobil is due to conduct effective clean-ups. The fishermen are planning to sue Mobil.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislationsĀ - Juridical texts related to the conflict

National Oil Spill Detection Response Agency (NOSDRA) Act
[click to view]

LinksĀ to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Premium Times: Mobil yet to clean up after Akwa Ibom oil spill
[click to view]

ERA/FoEN website: Field Report 323 Ibeno Community Counts Cost of Mobil Spill
[click to view]

Vanguard Nigeria newspaper: Community, Mobil report oil spill in Ibeno, Akwa Ibom
[click to view]

Sweet Crude Reports: ExxonMobil shut down following mass protest by host communities
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

ERA/FoEN website
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update17/06/2014