Last update:
2014-04-08

Oil Spills devastates Swamps in Ikeinghenbiri Community, Nigeria

Description:

Ikeinghenbiri community, located in Olodiama Clan, in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State suffered another major oil spill from the Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) pipelines due to operational failure. The spill, which occurred in September 2011 has polluted the swampy environment, and hindered fishing activities in the area. The oil company had clamped the leaking point, but has yet to clean the spillage within the area. Mr. Marshall Amabebe, chairman of the communitys development group, said the community immediately informed the oil company when the spill was noticed, regretting however that after we led Agip to the site, the company later came back with a gunboat and soldiers on October 2nd, 2011 to intimidate the community people.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Oil Spills devastates Swamps in Ikeinghenbiri Community, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Baylesa
Location of conflict:Olodiama Clan, in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Affected Population:40,000 to 50,000
Start of the conflict:09/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Africa, Oilwatch Nigeria, Nigerian Media, Community Groups.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:1. The community and other mobilizers call on the National Oil Spill Detection and other related agencies of government to take positive steps to ensure the polluted environment is clean up by Agip.
2. Agip should take measures to stop the crude oil from spreading further in the swamp and into the Ikebiri River.
3. Agip should cleanup the impacted environment: the swamp and any other site polluted by the spill.
4. Community demands copy of the Joint Investigation Visit.(JIV), and proper EIA must be carried out to ascertain the impact of the spill on the peoples health, environment and livelihoods.
5. Adequate Compensation must be paid to the community people
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Environmental Justice has not been served, as clean up of the spill in the swamps has not been carried out. The oil company is yet to pay compensation to the affected community people.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
Comments
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