Olive plantation on Krk Island, Croatia

The project of drainage of the marshland for planting olive trees at the island Krk was criticized by local NGOs, because the area is a habitat to protected and endangered animal and plant species and a source of drinking water.


In 2011, the Department of Forestry under Ministry of Agriculture ceded the land area of 26 ha of marshland in Krk Island under 50 years concession to private investor Zvonko Brozović. The aim of the concession was a re-cultivation into agriculture area. The concession plan included drainage of the marshland (by the Department of Forestry) and planting of 4,500 olive trees (by the private investor). Initially, the project obtained legal permissions from the State Institute for Nature Protection and Municipality of Dobrinj.

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Basic Data
NameOlive plantation on Krk Island, Croatia
ProvincePrimorsko-goranska County
SiteDobrinj, Njivice, Mali Lug
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific CommoditiesLand
Olive trees
Fruits and Vegetables
Project Details and Actors
Project Details4,500 olive trees was planned to be planted on 26 ha of the land
Project Area (in hectares)26
Level of Investment (in USD)250,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000 directly affected
Start Date28/03/2011
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Agriculture- Department of Forestry; The State Institute for Nature Protection; The Regional department of construction and environment protection of Primorsko-goranska region; The Municipality of Dobrinj; The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia- Department of Nature Protection Inspection
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEko Kvarner http://www.ekokvarner.hr/; Jezero; Animalia http://www.zastita-prirode-animalia.hr/; Zelena Patrola http://zelenapatrola.com/; Public Institution for Managing Protected Nature Areas http://www.ju-priroda.hr/
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherThe olive plantation plan includes use of fertilizers
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Application of EU envirnomental regulations after Croatia's access to the EU
Development of AlternativesThe opponents of the project demanded its cancellation. The fact Croatian was accessing EU at that time favored their solution to the situation.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Further devastation of the land area was stopped in 2012, while Croatia entered the EU on 1st of July 2013 which created the conditions to finally put the marshland area under the permanent protection within Natura 2000 network. However, the land is officially still under the concession granted to the investor. The opponents stressed that the state bureaucracy system failed to find the solution to the investor situation, which could be exchange of original 26 ha with some other area on the Krk Island apt for agricultural production.
Sources and Materials

CRO-NEN - Building-up the national ecological network as a part of the Pan-European Ecological network & the Natura 2000 network
[click to view]

Current status of the practical implementation of ecological networks in Croatia
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Eko Kvarner: Brozovićeve masline ugrozit će rezerve pitke vode u Malom lugu
[click to view]

Preorane livade naljutile ekologe i rastjerale ptice
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Greška u koracima: Brozović je znao što kupuje
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Piršić: I Županija je u krčku močvaru "investirala" 50.000 kuna
[click to view]

Media Links

Documentary by Zelena Patrola
[click to view]

Other Documents

The result of work on olive plantation on Krk Island President of CSO Jezero in the devastated marshland area
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update15/05/2016