Last update:
2022-05-18

Osage Wind Project, USA

Local residents, conservation groups, and the Osage Nation organized the Protect Osage Coalition to oppose the construction of the wind park owned by ENEL.



Description:

The 150 MW Osage Wind project consists of 84 wind towers and was developed on 3,400 ha of the Osage Nation Reservation by TradeWind Energy, a Kansas-based division of Enel Green Power North America Inc. The project was proposed in 2008, approved for construction in 2011, and brought into operation in 2015. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Osage Wind Project, USA
Country:United States of America
State or province:Oklahoma
Location of conflict:Pawhuska
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Large-scale wind energy plants
Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific commodities:Sand, gravel
Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project’s electric-powered turbines are designed to generate 150 megawatts of energy from 84 400-foot turbines for delivery via a transmission line to a KAMO substation. Power produced by the project is to be purchased by Associated Electric, which serves customers in northeast Oklahoma through the Indian Electric Cooperative.

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Project area:3,400
Level of Investment for the conflictive project287,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:Local residents, Osage Nation
Start of the conflict:08/01/2008
End of the conflict:07/01/2015
Company names or state enterprises:ENEL GREEN POWER (ENEL) from Italy
Osage Wind, LLC from United States of America
Trade Wind Energy, INC from United States of America
Relevant government actors:Bureau of Indian Affairs; Osage Minerals Council; Osage County Board of Adjustments; US Fish and Wildlife Service (for eagle take permits)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The Nature Conservancy, Protect Osage Coalition
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Religious groups
Osage Nation
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil erosion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (undecided)
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The Osage Nation claim they were not properly consulted nor listened to. Osage Nation was awarded compensation for gravel illegally mined on-site. It is unclear how much compensation was awarded. Later lawsuits in which the Osage Nation attempted to stop adjacent wind projects were unsuccessful.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[7] Carmack, Summer (2017) "United States v. Osage Wind, LLC," Public Land & Resources Law Review: Vol. 0, Article 17.
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[1] Erwin, Mike. “Opponents of wind farms hold information session”, Pawhuska Journal-Capital.11/18/2014.
[click to view]

[2] Thompson, Nathan. “OSAGE NATION: Wind farm stirs legal battles”, Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise. 12/18/17.
[click to view]

[3] Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise “Wind farm alters Osage landscape”, 3/30/2015.
[click to view]

[4] NPR. “Oklahoma Wind Power Companies Run Into Headwinds”. 8/18/2014.
[click to view]

[5] Thompson, Nathan. “Osage Nation: Wind farm stirs legal battles”. Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise. 12/18/2017.
[click to view]

[6] Polacca, Benny. “Osage Nation drops appeal in wind farm case”. Osage News. 2/27/2012.
[click to view]

[8] Terry-Cobo, Sarah. “Osage County wind farm gets go-ahead” The Journal Record. 11/1/2016.
[click to view]

[9] Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise. “Osage County plans advanced for 2nd wind farm” , 7/19/2015.
[click to view]

[10] tulsaworld.com Business Viewpoint with Osage Chief Standing Bear: Wind farms cause cultural, economic damage
[click to view]

[11] "Saving Oklahoma's prairies, a vital weapon against climate change" NBC News. 11/30/2019
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[12] "Lone Turbine Stands Tall In Osage County" News On 6
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[13] "Osage community members petition ON government for action on wind turbines" Osage News, 9/2/2015
[click to view]

[14] Le Coz, Emily; Sherman, Lucille. "In the Shadow of Wind Farms" GateHouse Media. 12/13/2017
[click to view]

[15] Haliaeetus leucocephalus. US Fish and Wildlife Service
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/05/2022
Conflict ID:6026
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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