|Project Details||Before 1950 in Massachusetts, USA, natural gas was manufactured from coal or oil through chemical processes; whereas today, natural gas is sourced from hydraulic fracking. The fracking wells, which differ from water wells, are volumes of underground earth and stone that have absorbed within them natural gas able to be extracted (1). The gas flows from wells through interstate transmission pipelines. Approximately 1,000 miles of interstate gas transmission lines exist in Massachusetts and are owned and operated by three companies: Algonquin Gas Transmission Company, Maritimes and Northeast Pipelines Company, and Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (23), the latter a wholly owned subsidiary of Kinder Morgan and the largest transporter of petroleum products in North America and supplier of almost 38% of U.S. consumed natural gas.|
Kinder Morgan's website states: “This expansion project is developed to meet increased demand in the U.S. Northeast for transportation capacity for natural gas.” (3). Kinder Morgan's approximately $99 Million Connecticut Expansion Project (3), first proposed in May 2014 (2) and approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) on March 11th, 2016 (13), consists of 13.4 miles of new gas pipelines to establish a contiguous supply of natural gas by connect existing pipes in Albany County, New York; Berkshire and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts, and Hartford County, Connecticut. This pipeline transports an energy equivalent of 12,430 Barrels of Oil per day (4,5).
Construction began May 2017 in Otis State Forest, where 30 acres of state-listed protected forest is to be cut (22) and has now been completed. Permission was granted by FERC to transport gas beginning November 1st, 2017 (25), and the pipeline is now in operation. For pipeline security between April 30th and June 3rd 2017 Kinder Morgan paid the Massachusetts State Police $115,949.33, a practice criticized as inappropriate and against public interests (24). As of November 20th, 2017, these security payments have totaled more than $770,000 (29).