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Ozbek Village Stone Quarry Construction, Turkey


The local villagers, inhabitants of the surrounding settlements as well as the provincial and district representatives of the various political parties oppose the stone quarry that is intended to be constructed at about 600-700m to Ozbek Village centre and about 500m to the village water reservoir. Their opposition is based on the fact that the quarry will cause severe damage to the water basin of the village, the resulting dust will adversely affect the agricultural products, the planned location of the quarry is an ancient settlement zone of 1st degree cultural conservation status and that it will also influence tourism negatively due to noise pollution.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Ozbek Village Stone Quarry Construction, Turkey
Location of conflict:Urla, Ozbek Village, Izmir
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific commodities:Land
Construction Materials Such As Stone, Stone Chips Etc.
Project Details and Actors
Project details

An annual production of 220 thousand tons of stone ships is targeted.

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Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:25000
Start of the conflict:02/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Mavi Filo Automotive Tourism Mining Industry and Commerce Limited Company from Turkey
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources - General Directorate of Mining Affairs, Izmir Special Provincial Administration , Urla Municipality , Environmental Commission of Izmir Provincial Assembly
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Ozbek Environmental Protection Platform, Republican Peoples Party and Justice and Development Party District Heads, Ozbek Research Development and Entrepreneurs Association, Ozbek Hunters and Shooters Association, Ozbek Fisheries Cooperative, Ozbek Agricultural Development Cooperative, Urla City Council (Urla Municipality), Urla Association of Kemalist Thought, Turkey Retired Sergeants Association Urla (TEMAD in Turkish acronym).
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Recreational users
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Other Health impactsAdverse effects such as psychological disturbance tied to noise pollution and exploded dynamites
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsLoss of income, loss of cultural heritage
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Village headmen unit (in Turkish muhtarlik) has initiated three separate court cases against the company, Special Provincial Administration and to the Mining Affairs. The court decisions are pending.
Development of alternatives:It is stated that the stone quarry should absolutely not constructed in the area.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:So far only parcelling was carried out and the project construction has not started yet. As stated above, village headmen unit filed three legal cases which have been accepted by the administrative court thus the project is in the court process. In January 2013, the villagers won the three court cases due to Olive Law.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Mining Law numbered 3213 published in Official Gazette numbered 18785 on 15.06.1985 (date of ratification date 04.06.1985).

The operation license obtained from the General Directorate of Mining Affairs and approvals of nine other public institutions are considered sufficient to conduct mining activities in the area (parties opposing the mine assert that the Mining Law needs to be altered).

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

News about the court case (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Update: The villagers won the three cases (in Turkish, 17.01.2013):
[click to view]

Protests (in Turkish):
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Irmak Ertor and Pinar Ertor-Akyazi
Last update08/04/2014
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