Pakri-Barwadih Coal Mining in Jharkhand, India


Pakri Barwadih Block is located in Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand state, India. The block has been allotted to NTPC Limited by Ministry of Coal, Government of India [1]. Pakri-Barwadih coal mining project is a joint venture project between Thiess Minecs and National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC). On 30 November, 2010, Thiess Minecs got a contract from NTPC Limited, for a 27 year deal to develop and operate the green-field Pakri Barwadih coal mine in the state of Jharkhand. Pakri Barwadih will be the first of six mines NTPC intends to develop to provide low cost coal for its power stations, replacing expensive imported coal [2]. The proposed mining project is going to feed NTPC’s ultra mega power project in the region.

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Basic Data
NamePakri-Barwadih Coal Mining in Jharkhand, India
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Coal extraction and processing
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project, is targeted to produce around 1.5 million metric tonnes of coal [3]. Thiess Minecs a partner of the project has completed the mine planning and design. NTPC wants to enhance the capacity to 18 Mt. The work in this line is in progress. In January 2013, Thiess Minecs plans to start its first operation in consultation with NTPC [2].

Project Area (in hectares)3,320
Level of Investment (in USD)$5.5 billion
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population8,340
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Thiess India Private Limited from India
Thiess Minecs India Private Limited from India
Minecs Finvest holding from Australia
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Ministry of Coal
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersKaranpura Bachao, Janmabhoomi Raksha Sangharsh Samitee
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesUnder the new Rehabilation & Resettlement (R&R) policy of NTPC each of the displaced persons, who will lose their land, will now get Rs 15 lakh against the original Rs 10 lakh per acre. The villegers are demanding compensation amount from Rs 15 lakh to Rs 40 lakh per acre.

Villagers also demand for permanent jobs in lieu of their land [4]
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Villagers demand increasing compensation and permanent jobs in lieu of their land. NTPC wants to stick to their Rehabilitation and Resettlement policy.
Sources and Materials

Resettlement (R&R) Policy (June-2010) of NTPC
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Rehabilitation & Resettlement (NTPC Ltd.)
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Rehabilitation &


NTPC may opt out of mining in Jharkhand
[click to view]

Pakri-Barwadih coal mining project
[click to view]

Protesters halt NTPC mining in Hazaribag
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NTPC to begin work in Hazaribag block
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[4]NTPC chief visited proposed Pakri-Barwadih coal mining project
[click to view]

National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd - Appointment of Mining Development cum Operator for Pakri Barwadih
[click to view]

Pakri Barwadih Coal Mine, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014