Panem Coal Mines, Jharkhand, India

Local villagers protested against one of the largest coal mines of Jharkhand, they went on strike. Sister Valsa John, involved in movement against displacement of tribal Santhal people, was killed.


Local villagers protest against one of the largest coal mines of Jharkhand run by Panem Coal Mines Limited. People have put blockade to all kind of works for about 20 days In Nov-Dec 2012.

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Basic Data
NamePanem Coal Mines, Jharkhand, India
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Coal extraction and processing
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe mine in the Pakur district has about 562 million tonnes of coal reserves. The company has been allowed to do open-mining for 44 years.
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population10,000-20,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesPanem from India - is a joint venture company between the Punjab State Electricity Board and a Kolkata-based private company
Punjab State Electricity Board from India
Relevant government actorsPunjab State Electricity Board Government of Jharkhand
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRajmahal Pahar Bachao Samiti, Jharkhand Vikas Morcha Prajatantric-JVM) chief Babulal Marandi, Jharkhand Congress Party
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Santhal adivasi
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Under negotiation
Development of AlternativesFair rehabilitation through compensation and public services.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The decision to end the strike was arrived at a meeting organised by Santhal Pargana district commissioner with Panem Coal Mines chairman and managing director along with representatives from different political leaders and Rajmahal Pahari Bachao Andolan Samiti. Assurance has given to start a plus-two school and a hospital within next six months. The mines authority has also assured to provide irrigation facilities to the farmers in the affected area, besides electricity, employment and adequate compensation for land acquisition. (2)
Sources and Materials

(1) Jharkhand former CM wants inquiry against Panem Coal Mines
[click to view]

(2) Down to Earth, 'Panem agrees to honour promises made to tribal people'
[click to view]

NDTV, '20 days on, Jharkhands Panem mine remains locked by protest'
[click to view]

'Marandi’s protest continues, to block Coal-rakes in Pakur'
[click to view]

(3) The real truth (Countercurrents, 27 Nov 2011) (on the killing of Sister Valsa John)
[click to view]

Media Links

Video 'Jharkhands Panem mine remains locked by protest'
[click to view]

Jharkhand- Politics around Panem Coal mines
[click to view]

Video in Hindi

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update09/06/2018