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Panem Coal Mines, Jharkhand, India

Local villagers protested against one of the largest coal mines of Jharkhand, they went on strike. Sister Valsa John, involved in movement against displacement of tribal Santhal people, was killed.


Local villagers protest against one of the largest coal mines of Jharkhand run by Panem Coal Mines Limited. People have put blockade to all kind of works for about 20 days In Nov-Dec 2012.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Panem Coal Mines, Jharkhand, India
State or province:Jharkhand
Location of conflict:Pakur
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The mine in the Pakur district has about 562 million tonnes of coal reserves. The company has been allowed to do open-mining for 44 years.

Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000-20,000
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Panem from India - is a joint venture company between the Punjab State Electricity Board and a Kolkata-based private company
Punjab State Electricity Board from India
Relevant government actors:Punjab State Electricity Board Government of Jharkhand
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Rajmahal Pahar Bachao Samiti, Jharkhand Vikas Morcha Prajatantric-JVM) chief Babulal Marandi, Jharkhand Congress Party
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Santhal adivasi
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Under negotiation
Proposal and development of alternatives:Fair rehabilitation through compensation and public services.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The decision to end the strike was arrived at a meeting organised by Santhal Pargana district commissioner with Panem Coal Mines chairman and managing director along with representatives from different political leaders and Rajmahal Pahari Bachao Andolan Samiti. Assurance has given to start a plus-two school and a hospital within next six months. The mines authority has also assured to provide irrigation facilities to the farmers in the affected area, besides electricity, employment and adequate compensation for land acquisition. (2)
Sources & Materials

'Marandi’s protest continues, to block Coal-rakes in Pakur'
[click to view]

(2) Down to Earth, 'Panem agrees to honour promises made to tribal people'
[click to view]

(1) Jharkhand former CM wants inquiry against Panem Coal Mines
[click to view]

NDTV, '20 days on, Jharkhands Panem mine remains locked by protest'
[click to view]

(3) The real truth (Countercurrents, 27 Nov 2011) (on the killing of Sister Valsa John)
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Jharkhand- Politics around Panem Coal mines
[click to view]

Video 'Jharkhands Panem mine remains locked by protest'
[click to view]

Video in Hindi

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:911
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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