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Qinhuangdao Western (Panguanying) waste incineration plant, Hebei, China

Villagers in Panguanying protested against Qinhuangdao waste incineration plant through petitions, administrative lawsuits, and participation of elections, which resulted in halting the project.


Qinhuangdao Western Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Project was jointly planned by the Qinhuangdao Municipal Government and private company Zhejiang Weiming Environment Protection Co., Ltd.  (浙江伟明环保股份有限公司).  The agreement was signed on 7 November 2008 with a BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) form between Qinhuangdao Urban Administrative Enforcement Bureau and Zhejiang Weiming. It was meant to be completed in August 2011.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Qinhuangdao Western (Panguanying) waste incineration plant, Hebei, China
State or province:Hebei
Location of conflict:Liushouying Town, Funing District (抚宁), Qinghuangdao
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project locates at Panguanying Village, Liushouying Town of Funing County (抚宁,Funing District since 2015) in Qinhuangdao city. The plant occupies about 70 mu of farming land from Panguanying Village. The installed capacity of power generation is 12,000 KW (12MW), while the waste disposal and treatment capacity will become 1,000 tons per day with an annual increase of 50 tons from 600 tons at the beginning. It will serve Beidaihe District, Funing County (including Nandaihe Tourist Area), Changli County (including the Gold Coast Tourist Area), Lulong County and some other regions. The total investment is about 327,448,400 yuan, of which 3028,559,500 yuan is from Zhejiang Weiming, the complement part will be provided by the local government.

Project area:6.5
Level of Investment:52,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:80,000
Start of the conflict:16/04/2009
Company names or state enterprises:Zhejiang Weiming Environment Protection Co. (Zhejiang Weiming) from China
Relevant government actors:-Qinhuangdao Municipal Government
-Qinhuangdao Urban Administrative Enforcement Bureau
-Funing county government
-Hebei Province Environmental Protection Bureau (Hebei EPB)
-Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP)
-National Land Resource Ministry
-Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (中国气象科学研 究院, CAMS).
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:-Nature University
--United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC or FCCC)
-Global Alliance of Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA)
-CDM Watch (now as Carbon Market Watch )
-China Lawyers Association
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Participate in village-level elections
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Other Health impacts
Other Health impactscancer
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Land dispossession, Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The project was stopped, but there are still many issues unsolved, like the land, the compensations, the elections, etc.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

中华人民共和国环境保护法 Environmental Protection Law of PRC
[click to view]

中华人民共和国环境影响评价法 Law of the People's Republic of China on Environment Impact Assessment (Revised in 2016)
[click to view]

中华人民共和国土地管理法 Law of the People's Republic of China on Land Administration
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1]Maria Bondes & Thomas Johnson (2017) Beyond Localized Environmental Contention: Horizontal and Vertical Diffusion in a Chinese Anti-Incinerator Campaign, Journal of Contemporary China, 26:106, 504-520, DOI: 10.1080/10670564.2017.1275079, especially the interview details.
[click to view]

Lang, H. (2014). Public participation in environmental decision-making in China: Towards an ecosystem approach, p. 222-228
[click to view]

[click to view]

[12] Stealing elections
[click to view]

[6] Spin of a Crooked Record
[click to view]

[11]河北2位农民起诉环保部 欲阻环境违法企业上市
[click to view]

[4]人民网-人民日报:秦皇岛西部垃圾焚烧厂项目环评失实 环评机构竟这样造假
[click to view]

[22]全年36万余吨的垃圾,竟然都在这儿!99%的秦皇岛人都不知道!99% of Qinhuangdao citizens don't know that more than 360,000 tons of wastes per year are all here!
[click to view]

[20] 宁鸣而生--2012年12月29日潘官營選舉觀察纪录 Notes on the elections by an activist from an ENGO
[click to view]

[7] 《财经》杂志:秦皇岛垃圾焚烧僵局 Caijing
[click to view]

[13] Villagers in north China's Hebei Province protest election rigging: report
[click to view]

[3] Liulitun Waste Incineration Power Plant, Haidian District, Beijing, China
[click to view]

[5]凤凰周刊:秦皇岛农民垃圾焚烧阻击战 Phoenix Weekly
[click to view]

[click to view]

[10]环评猫腻多 环保部处分88家环评机构
[click to view]

[21]中国周刊:秦皇岛村民狙击垃圾焚烧厂 China Weekly
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

[2] 20090901央视经济半小时:二噁英困扰中国
[click to view]

[14] Interview on villagers during election选举期间村民访谈:认为潘志中为老百姓,与村霸不一样
[click to view]

[15] Controversy election第一次補選作票爭議事件 选举视频证据
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update18/08/2019
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