Pazardzhik Incinerator, Bulgaria


The idea of building a facility for waste incineration near Pazardzhik dates back to 2008. An approval by the RIEW Pazardzhik for the project has been given. Members of the local branch of the Greens political party started a procedure to appeal the RIEW decision to the Ministry of Environment and Water, arguing that the construction of an incinerator near Pazardzhik is unacceptable and poses a serious danger to public health.

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Basic Data
NamePazardzhik Incinerator, Bulgaria
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Specific Commodities
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCa. 32 000 tonnes/year of unsorted/mixed municipal waste to be incinerated, using 19 000 m3 of water, location within a Natura 2000 protected site, generating 18 000 tonnes/year of bottom ash and ca. 1 500 tonnes/year fly ash (classified as hazardous waste).

Project Area (in hectares)4.9
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population290000
Start Date01/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesIntercontinental Utilities Development And Construction Pazardjik Ltd. from Bulgaria
Relevant government actorsRegional Inspectorate on Environment and Water, Ministry of Environment and Water
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThe Greens Political Party, Za Zemiata (GAIA member);, Birdlife Bulgaria [BSPB], Association for agrarian and ecological, projects, GAIA
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Development of Alternatives-Cancel the Incinerator project
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The Ministry sided with the Greens and scrapped the RIEW-Pazardjik approval of construction of the incinerator because of the non-satisfactory quantity and quality of information in the EIA. There has been an appeal by the investor of the project against the decision of the Ministry before the 3-member panel of the Supreme Administrative Court. Proceedings are being conducted between the investor and the Ministry and the Greens have become party to the defendants (MOEW). The three-member panel of SAC ruled in favor of the Ministry. The decision of the 5-member panel of SAC is most likely to be in favor of the Ministry, i.e. against the construction of the incinerator.
Sources and Materials

Court Case won
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Meta Information
ContributorEvgenia Tasheva
Last update08/04/2014