In 2000, Pheapimex attempted to start operations in an area of 6800 ha in Ansa Chambak. However, the inhabitants were successful in halting the conversion of their forest. Resistance involved road blockades, filing lawsuits and challenging the government. Between 2001 and 2004, Pheapimex carried out no further work on site and the threat of the eucalypt plantation appeared to have receded. In 2004, however, hundreds of workers and heavy equipment arrived in Ansa Chambak and proceeded to bulldoze the forest, establish a tree nursery, and extend a road network in the forest area. The people of Ansa Chambak attempted to stop the operations. Several hundred villagers demonstrated along highway 5. In order to prevent the bulldozers from entering the concession area, villagers decided to organize a watch of the machinery. Someone threw a grenade into a group of sleeping villagers, injuring eight of them. The government’s immediate response was to announce the temporary suspension of the company’s activities until the outstanding problems were solved. The next day, authorities organised a meeting and made several promises to local inhabitants. Most of the promises were not kept and the company, after a week of inactivity, resumed its operations. The day after the attack, local police, without producing any supporting evidence, accused the villagers of throwing the grenade at themselves.