En Français ci-dessous ----------- The Niayes (in the admnistrative region of Thiès), a narrow strip of 25km wide and 180km long lying between Dakar and Saint Louis along the Atlantic coast, was traditionally dedicated to vegetables and fruits gardening until the arrival of mining projects. Today Thiès is considered the largest mining area of the country, the activity is concentrated in the Niayes. The phosphates of the Taïba’s deposit have been exploited since the second half of the 20th century. The exploitation began on the careers of Ndomor Diop and since October 2003 it is done from the careers of Tobène. It is the company Compagnie Chimiques du Senegal (ICS) which exploits these quarries of phosphates since 1996. There are a dozen villages which are directly concerned by the exploitation of Tobène, approximately 2,500 people. The vegetables’ gardening was facilitated by the low depth of groundwater resources. Between Noto and Diogo the groundwater used to be at a depth of 4.50 meters. Today, the vegetables’ gardening is strongly compromised by the generalized lack of water resources in the region. The exploitation of phosphates has expropriated many villagers, consumes precious hydraulic resources while additionally repeated acid leakages and heavy dust containing phosphates pollute the environment. Gad is a village of about 200 people, landlocked in the middle of ICS’ concession that the company has been refusing to compensate and displace for more than a decade. The inhabitants of Gad can no longer cultivate their fields, annexed by the mine or polluted by dust and repeated acid leaks. In October 2014, a major sulfuric acid leak by ICS at its site in Taïba contaminated the villages of Gad and Ngomène. The residents suffered chest pains, persistent coughs, blurred vision, and headaches. Cases of diarrhea and vomiting in children less than five years old have been reported as well. Gad is connected with the nearest village (Ndomor) by a dirt road, borrowed by ICS´trucks night and day. The company's trucks run along the village. In 2012, a child walking to school was knocked down and killed instantly by one truck. While the company is electrically powered 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, towns like Darou Khoudoss and Mboro have to deal with repeated power outages every day. Gad has not even been connected to the network and does not benefit from running water. ICS supplies the village with water but in insufficient quantities. A power station was inaugurated in Darou Khoudoss in December 2016, with the exclusive capital of Indorama (current majoritarian owner of ICS). Located at the heart of the area occupied by ICS, the power station’s priority is to supply the mine. Since its entry into activity, neighboring populations have been experiencing an overall increase in temperatures. People report that the waste is not treated before it is discharged into the ocean or into the landfill located in the concession, which pollutes the air and surrounding soils (information collected on the field by author). Phosphates’ quarries abandoned by ICS are often taken over by the populations that were previously displaced and dispossessed by the company. These abandoned spaces, called slimes, are rich in phosphates. People practice cereal cultivation, market gardening, and also plant fruit trees which enable families to survive. However this type of recovery remains limited due to lack of irrigation. In the face of a seemingly irreversible situation, local people demand that to ICS to employ the youth, but a small percentage of workers come from the affected villages, while retiring staff is replaced by daily or seasonal jobs. Since the beginning of the operation, at least 5,000 people have been displaced. Facing the appropriation of land around the Tobène quarries, the people organized themselves. Twenty affected villages gathered and created the Association for the Safeguarding of the Environment of Tobène (ASET) and managed to obtain better compensation than that defined by the law. Indeed, the compensations as defined by the law are very low because they remain the same as established in 1994. The populations which still remain around the quarries of Tobène fear to be expropriated as well and plant fruit trees (cashew, guavas, mango trees) on their fields because they are better compensated than cereal crops. The residents of Mboro demonstrated in May 2014 and denounced the lack of infrastructures. For a city of 40,000 inhabitants, only 7 out of 27 neighborhoods are supplied with drinking water and electricity, while in case of a health issue they must go to Tivaouane (23 kilometers away). National NGOs are present in the region. La Lumière has launched in 2017 a community vegetables’ gardening project with the women of Dakharlaye, a village that houses displaced and expropriated people by the mine. Enda Pronat works with local actors to prevent future land grabbing and especially to raise awareness and better organize the populations so that they can better defend their rights.