Last update:

Plantations and Land conflict with PT WKS, Indonesia


In Geragai District in East TanjungJabung Regency, PT. WKS received 2,467 ha under license in 2004, after the Ministry of Forestry identified the area as a cultivation land - usually called Areas for Other Usage, a category that refers to a non-forestry area turned into a Production Forest area.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Plantations and Land conflict with PT WKS, Indonesia
State or province:Jambi province
Location of conflict:East Tanjung Jabung Regency
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

total concession area for PT WKS in Jambi province is 293,812 ha

Project area:2467
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2004
Company names or state enterprises:PT Wira Karya Sakti
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Cappa,
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Desertification/Drought
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Communities still maintain the control over part of the land, about 1,500 ha, which they took back in 2007. Communities have made efforts and led successful protest to maintain the control over the area.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

- bulletin 183 - article on this case
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Forest Watch Indonesia
[click to view]

World Rainforest Movement
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Winnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014
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