Plantations and Land conflict with PT WKS, Indonesia


In Geragai District in East TanjungJabung Regency, PT. WKS received 2,467 ha under license in 2004, after the Ministry of Forestry identified the area as a cultivation land - usually called Areas for Other Usage, a category that refers to a non-forestry area turned into a Production Forest area.

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Basic Data
NamePlantations and Land conflict with PT WKS, Indonesia
ProvinceJambi province
SiteEast Tanjung Jabung Regency
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailstotal concession area for PT WKS in Jambi province is 293,812 ha
Project Area (in hectares)2467
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Wira Karya Sakti
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCappa,
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Desertification/Drought
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Communities still maintain the control over part of the land, about 1,500 ha, which they took back in 2007. Communities have made efforts and led successful protest to maintain the control over the area.
Sources and Materials

- bulletin 183 - article on this case
[click to view]


Forest Watch Indonesia
[click to view]

World Rainforest Movement
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014