Pollution of the Obangué River (also Dubanga River), Gabon

Addax Petroleum, a subsidiary of the Sinopec Group, from China, has been in Gabon since 2004, polluting the river Obangué, and engaged in conflicts over taxes with the Gabon government.


Description

Gabon main source of income is petroleum exports. Addax Petroleum, which is a subsidiary of the Sinopec Group, one of the largest oil and gas producers in China and the third largest worldwide oil refiner, has been present in Gabon since 2004.

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Basic Data
NamePollution of the Obangué River (also Dubanga River), Gabon
CountryGabon
ProvinceNgounié
SiteMandji Isle, Department of Ndolou
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Oil and gas refining
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsReuters reported in January 2014, in the midst of the legal battle, that "the asset was small, pumping around 10,000 bpd, but a source close to the company said it was considered strategically important by Beijing as part of its West African portfolio."

Addax has paid the goverment of Gabon 400 million USD to continue taking oil, after a dispute on taxes. There are no data on compensation for the oil spill.
Project Area (in hectares)N/A
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population80,000 – 100,000 (population of Mandji / Port-Gentil)
Start Date01/01/2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesAddax Petroleum from China
Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation) from China
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters-Brainforest (http://www.rainforestfoundationuk.org/Brainforest)

-World Wildlife Found (WWF)

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/project/projects_in_depth/gamba/

-Croissance Saine Environnement

http://www.croissancesaine.org/index.php
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Court decision (undecided)
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Abandonment of the oil field by Addax, take over by the Gabon National Oil Company in 2013 and reopening of the operations.
Development of AlternativesEspecially the NGO Croissance Saine Environnement has said that the only alternative would be to stop oil exploration in the area.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.According to Business and Human Rights and the local NGO Croissance Saine Environnement, it seems that although the government of Gabon has won the case against Addax in court over the pollution incident in 2010, the area is still polluted, has not been cleaned up and affected inhabitants have not been compensated.

Addax Petroleum's license for the Obangué oil fields had been temporarily suspended due to a formal legal struggle and the license has been transferred to the national oil company in 2013, but Addax Petroleum is still continuing to operate other oil fields in Gabon and other parts of the region, without suffering any consequences of the pollution caused or having repaired the damages caused.
Sources and Materials
References

MBOUTOU ZEH, Jean Briand; NGO CROISSANCE SAINE, (2010), Letter to ADDAX PETROLEUM, Pollution et déséquilibre de l'écosystème sur les sites d'exploitation de la société ADDAX PETROLEUM d'Obangué, de Tsengui, et dans les villages alentours (Département de Ndolou dans la Province de Ngounié), (French), Le Blanc Mesnil, 28.04.2010

PRATT, Joseph A., MELOSI, Martin V., BROSNAN, Kathleen A, (2014) Energy Capitals: Local Impact, Global Influence, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1.4.2014, p. 174-180

BUSINESS & HUMAN RIGHTS (2014), Regional Briefing: Francophone Africa, March 2014,
[click to view]

Links

ADDAX Petroleum Homepage:
[click to view]

Gabon Oil Company Homepage:
[click to view]

Pollution au Gabon: une société pétrolière chinoise épinglée, Pierre Eric MBOG BATASSI, Afrik.com, 3.5.2010,
[click to view]

Silence, on pollue à Obangué!, L'Union, 03.03.2010,
[click to view]

China's Addax pays $400 mln to end Gabon oil Conflict: sources, Emma Farge and Jean-Rovys Dabany, REUTERS, 24.01.2014,
[click to view]

Gabon: Addax Petroleum Oil & Gas Gabon signe un partenariat culturel avec la ville de Port-Gentil, Info Plus Gabon, 14.05.2014,
[click to view]

Reuters: China's Addax locked in $1 billion oil dispute with Gabon-sources
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: http://www.gaboneco.com/nouvelles_africaines_23079.html
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update26/08/2015
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