Polska BNK Petroleum Fracking, Poland


BNK Polska is a subsidiary of the Canada-based energy company BNK Petroleum, Inc. The company holds six of the 110 permits granted thus far for test drilling in Poland, the country with the largest shale gas deposits in Europe. The Polish government sees shale gas as an opportunity to gain energy independence. The country is currently one of the largest customers of Gazprom, the Russian energy giant, buying 10.25 billion cubic meters of natural gas from it last year alone. Yet over the past years, organised opposition to shale gas has consolidated in Poland.

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Basic Data
NamePolska BNK Petroleum Fracking, Poland
ProvinceGdansk region
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesShale Gas
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe deposit is an estimated 5.3 trillion cubic-meters of recoverable natural gas.

Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesBNK Petroleum Inc. from Canada - is operating through its subsidiaries
BNK Polska from Poland
Indiana Investments - three oil and gas exploration concessions in the Baltic Basin - Darłowo, Bytow and Trzebielino (granted March 2010).
Saponis Investments - three oil and gas exploration concessions in the Baltic Basin - Sławno, Słupsk and Starogard (granted June 2009)
Esrey Energy Ltd. from Canada - formerly LNG Energy Ltd.
RAG from Austria
Sorgenia from Italy
Relevant government actorsCivic Platform Party , Opposition Law and Justice Party
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPolish Geological Institute, Polish Climate Coalition, BankWatch, Polish Green Network, Food & Water Europe (US), Polish Boell Foundation, Support of anti-fracking groups in Germany & France
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Exploration is ongoing and commercial production could begin as early as 2014. In Poland as a whole, reserves so far are much lower than originally estimated, although new estimates will not be available until 2014 according to the Polish Geological Institute.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Insufficient EIAs, communities do not have the right to decide and activists are being gagged and spied on.

Sources and Materials

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Der Spiegel: ,1518,814125,00.html
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Industry Report- What Anti-Fracking activists want assets/shale_gas_whitepaper.pdf
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Food and Water Watch
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Meta Information
ContributorLeah Temper
Last update08/04/2014